Resistance training (RT) may have a positive impact on specific correlates of physical activity (PA) in inactive and/or obese youth, with strength as a possible underlying mechanism. The aim of this study was to investigate this. Twelve participants (aged 8.9 ± 1.0 years) were assigned to an experimental group (EG) or control group (CG). Pre and post intervention assessments for strength, physical self-perceptions (PSPs), weight status, fundamental movement skills (FMS), and PA levels were completed. The EG participated in a twice-weekly 10-week RT programme. There were significant group x time interactions for FMS (CAMSA total P = 0.016, CAMSA skill score P = 0.036) and stretch stature (P = 0.002) (EG larges changes than the CG). Large effect sizes for the differences in change scores between the EG and CG were evident for CAMSA total score (Hedges’ g = 0.830, P = 0.138), CAMSA skill score (Hedges’ g = 0.895, P = 0.112) and relative strength (Hedges’ g = 0.825, P = 0.140). This study demonstrated that a 10-week RT intervention has a positive effect on strength and FMS, and may also benefit weight status and PSPs. This study supports the development of RT interventions to develop these correlates, and increase PA levels.