The importance of employing stringent methods to recruit fertile male controls

B C Dunphy, C L Barratt, R Kay, E J Thomas, L M Neal, I D Cooke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two methods of recruiting fertile male controls were evaluated and compared. The first group was recruited from the partners of women attending an antenatal clinic without obtaining details of their reproductive history. The second group was recruited after obtaining a detailed reproductive history from the couple and employing stringent entry criteria. Entry criteria for the second group included a length of exposure to the risk of pregnancy of not more than 12 months and no previous episode of involuntary infertility for either partner. There were significant differences between the distributions of semen parameters obtained from the two groups, indicating that the selection criteria for "fertile" men significantly influence results obtained and therefore that it is important to employ stringent criteria for the recruitment of fertile male controls. The group which was recruited by stringent criteria (mean length of exposure to the risk of pregnancy of 3 months) was characterised by a significantly higher median concentration of spermatozoa which exhibited slow linear or nonlinear motility. This confirms the findings of a previous study which suggested that slow linear or nonlinear motility are superior forms of spermatozoal motion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-9
Number of pages5
JournalAndrologia
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1991

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Fertility
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pregnancy
  • Quality Control
  • Sperm Count
  • Sperm Motility
  • Spermatozoa/physiology
  • World Health Organization

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