Three of the four independently induced KetelD dominant-negative female sterile mutations that identify the Drosophila importin-β gene, originated from a C4114→T transition and the concurrent replacement of Pro446 by Leu (P446L). CD spectroscopy of representative peptides with Pro or Leu in the crucial position revealed that upon the Pro→Leu exchange the P446L mutant protein loses flexibility and attains most likely an open conformation. The P446L mutation abolishes RanGTP binding of the P446L mutant form of importin-β protein and results in increased RanGDP binding ability. Notably, the P446L mutant importin-β does not exert its dominant-negative effect on nuclear protein import and has no effect on mitotic spindle-related functions and chromosome segregation. However, it interferes with nuclear envelope formation during mitosis-to-interphase transition, revealing a novel function of importin-β.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of Cell Science|
|Publication status||Published - 15 May 2002|
- Dominant-negative mutations
- Nuclear envelope formation