The interactions between plasma membrane depolarization and glutamate receptor activation in the regulation of cytoplasmic free calcium in cultured cerebellar granule cells

Michael J. Courtney, Jeremy J. Lambert, David G. Nicholls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The complex modulation of cytoplasmic free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]c) in primary cultures of cerebellar granule cells in response to glutamate receptor agonists has been the subject of several contradictory reports. We here show that 3 components of the [Ca2+]c response can be distinguished: (1) Ca2+ entry through voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels, following KCl- or receptor-evoked depolarization, (2) Ca2+ entry through NMDA receptor channels, and (3) liberation of internal Ca2+ via a metabolotropic receptor. Depolarization with KCl induced a transient [Ca2+]c response (subject to voltage inactivation) decaying to a sustained plateau (largely inhibited by nifedipine). The NMDA response was potentiated by glycine, totally inhibited by (+)5-methyl-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5,10-imine maleate (MK-801), and blocked by Mg2+ in a voltage-sensitive manner. Polarized cells displayed small responses to quisqualate (QA) and α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic acid (AMPA). Depolarization enhanced a transient response to QA, but not to AMPA. Trans-1-amino-1,3-cyclopentanedicarboxylic acid (trans-ACPD), a selective agonist for the metabolotropic glutamate receptor, caused a transient elevation of [Ca2+]c, which was blocked by prior exposure to QA but not AMPA. The prolonged [Ca2+]c response to kainate (KA) can be resolved into 2 major components: an indirect NMDA receptor-mediated response due to released glutamate and a nifedipine-sensitive component consistent with depolarization-mediated entry via Ca2+ channels. 6-Cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX), QA at >10 MM, and AMPA (but not trans-ACPD) reversed the KA response, consistent with an inactivation of the KA receptor. Our results show that the [Ca2+]c responses to individual agonists involve complex interactions, suggesting that great care is required in the interpretation of agonist-stimulated cellular responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3873-3879
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1990

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Quisqualic Acid
alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid
Glutamate Receptors
Cell Membrane
Calcium
Kainic Acid
Nifedipine
N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptors
6-Cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione
Isoxazoles
Excitatory Amino Acid Agonists
Kainic Acid Receptors
Acids
Imines
Dizocilpine Maleate
N-Methylaspartate
Glycine
Glutamic Acid

Cite this

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title = "The interactions between plasma membrane depolarization and glutamate receptor activation in the regulation of cytoplasmic free calcium in cultured cerebellar granule cells",
abstract = "The complex modulation of cytoplasmic free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]c) in primary cultures of cerebellar granule cells in response to glutamate receptor agonists has been the subject of several contradictory reports. We here show that 3 components of the [Ca2+]c response can be distinguished: (1) Ca2+ entry through voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels, following KCl- or receptor-evoked depolarization, (2) Ca2+ entry through NMDA receptor channels, and (3) liberation of internal Ca2+ via a metabolotropic receptor. Depolarization with KCl induced a transient [Ca2+]c response (subject to voltage inactivation) decaying to a sustained plateau (largely inhibited by nifedipine). The NMDA response was potentiated by glycine, totally inhibited by (+)5-methyl-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5,10-imine maleate (MK-801), and blocked by Mg2+ in a voltage-sensitive manner. Polarized cells displayed small responses to quisqualate (QA) and α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic acid (AMPA). Depolarization enhanced a transient response to QA, but not to AMPA. Trans-1-amino-1,3-cyclopentanedicarboxylic acid (trans-ACPD), a selective agonist for the metabolotropic glutamate receptor, caused a transient elevation of [Ca2+]c, which was blocked by prior exposure to QA but not AMPA. The prolonged [Ca2+]c response to kainate (KA) can be resolved into 2 major components: an indirect NMDA receptor-mediated response due to released glutamate and a nifedipine-sensitive component consistent with depolarization-mediated entry via Ca2+ channels. 6-Cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX), QA at >10 MM, and AMPA (but not trans-ACPD) reversed the KA response, consistent with an inactivation of the KA receptor. Our results show that the [Ca2+]c responses to individual agonists involve complex interactions, suggesting that great care is required in the interpretation of agonist-stimulated cellular responses.",
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The interactions between plasma membrane depolarization and glutamate receptor activation in the regulation of cytoplasmic free calcium in cultured cerebellar granule cells. / Courtney, Michael J.; Lambert, Jeremy J.; Nicholls, David G.

In: Journal of Neuroscience, Vol. 10, No. 12, 01.12.1990, p. 3873-3879.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - The interactions between plasma membrane depolarization and glutamate receptor activation in the regulation of cytoplasmic free calcium in cultured cerebellar granule cells

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N2 - The complex modulation of cytoplasmic free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]c) in primary cultures of cerebellar granule cells in response to glutamate receptor agonists has been the subject of several contradictory reports. We here show that 3 components of the [Ca2+]c response can be distinguished: (1) Ca2+ entry through voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels, following KCl- or receptor-evoked depolarization, (2) Ca2+ entry through NMDA receptor channels, and (3) liberation of internal Ca2+ via a metabolotropic receptor. Depolarization with KCl induced a transient [Ca2+]c response (subject to voltage inactivation) decaying to a sustained plateau (largely inhibited by nifedipine). The NMDA response was potentiated by glycine, totally inhibited by (+)5-methyl-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5,10-imine maleate (MK-801), and blocked by Mg2+ in a voltage-sensitive manner. Polarized cells displayed small responses to quisqualate (QA) and α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic acid (AMPA). Depolarization enhanced a transient response to QA, but not to AMPA. Trans-1-amino-1,3-cyclopentanedicarboxylic acid (trans-ACPD), a selective agonist for the metabolotropic glutamate receptor, caused a transient elevation of [Ca2+]c, which was blocked by prior exposure to QA but not AMPA. The prolonged [Ca2+]c response to kainate (KA) can be resolved into 2 major components: an indirect NMDA receptor-mediated response due to released glutamate and a nifedipine-sensitive component consistent with depolarization-mediated entry via Ca2+ channels. 6-Cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX), QA at >10 MM, and AMPA (but not trans-ACPD) reversed the KA response, consistent with an inactivation of the KA receptor. Our results show that the [Ca2+]c responses to individual agonists involve complex interactions, suggesting that great care is required in the interpretation of agonist-stimulated cellular responses.

AB - The complex modulation of cytoplasmic free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]c) in primary cultures of cerebellar granule cells in response to glutamate receptor agonists has been the subject of several contradictory reports. We here show that 3 components of the [Ca2+]c response can be distinguished: (1) Ca2+ entry through voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels, following KCl- or receptor-evoked depolarization, (2) Ca2+ entry through NMDA receptor channels, and (3) liberation of internal Ca2+ via a metabolotropic receptor. Depolarization with KCl induced a transient [Ca2+]c response (subject to voltage inactivation) decaying to a sustained plateau (largely inhibited by nifedipine). The NMDA response was potentiated by glycine, totally inhibited by (+)5-methyl-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5,10-imine maleate (MK-801), and blocked by Mg2+ in a voltage-sensitive manner. Polarized cells displayed small responses to quisqualate (QA) and α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic acid (AMPA). Depolarization enhanced a transient response to QA, but not to AMPA. Trans-1-amino-1,3-cyclopentanedicarboxylic acid (trans-ACPD), a selective agonist for the metabolotropic glutamate receptor, caused a transient elevation of [Ca2+]c, which was blocked by prior exposure to QA but not AMPA. The prolonged [Ca2+]c response to kainate (KA) can be resolved into 2 major components: an indirect NMDA receptor-mediated response due to released glutamate and a nifedipine-sensitive component consistent with depolarization-mediated entry via Ca2+ channels. 6-Cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX), QA at >10 MM, and AMPA (but not trans-ACPD) reversed the KA response, consistent with an inactivation of the KA receptor. Our results show that the [Ca2+]c responses to individual agonists involve complex interactions, suggesting that great care is required in the interpretation of agonist-stimulated cellular responses.

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