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Kink turns (k-turns) are widespread structural elements that introduce an axial bend into duplex RNA with an included angle of 50°. These mediate key tertiary interactions and bind specific proteins including members of the L7Ae family. The standard k-turn comprises a three-nucleotide bulge followed by G·A and A·G pairs. The RNA kinks by an association of the two minor grooves, stabilized by the formation of a number of key cross-strand hydrogen bonds mostly involving the adenine bases of the G·A and A·G pairs. The k-turns may be divided into two conformational classes, depending on the receptor for one of these hydrogen bonds. k-turns become folded by one of three different processes. Some, but not all, k-turns become folded in the presence of metal ions. Whether or not a given k-turn is folded under these conditions is determined by its sequence. We present a set of rules for the prediction of folding properties and the structure adopted on local sequence.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Molecular Biology|
|Early online date||29 Oct 2015|
|Publication status||Published - 27 Feb 2016|
- metal ions
- RNA folding
- RNA-protein interaction
- tertiary interactions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology
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