The many facets of human spinal pathology

A review of research areas and recording methodologies on skeletal remains

Katie Larner, Tracey Wilkinson (Supervisor), Diana Swales (Supervisor)

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

Spinal arthropathies have been prevalent throughout history, so the recording and analysis of these pathologies is important across multiple disciplines from archaeology through to clinical anatomy. Analysis of manifestations of diseases and degeneration of the vertebral column in ancient human remains provides valuable insights not only into the lifestyles of past populations, but also the evolution, development and spread of spinal arthropathies seen in modern populations. To carry out research reliably on spinal pathologies in different populations requires robust and replicable methodologies. The aims of this project were therefore to identify in the literature the methods being used for identification and recording of spinal pathology on dry bone from archaeological contexts, and to explore the aims of such studies and their key findings. A review of biological anthropology and archaeology studies and professional reports identified three main methodologies. One method relates to the simple presence or absence of a condition, while two methods grade the severity of different pathological bone changes using numerical severity scales. It was also identified through the review that the overarching goal of many studies has been to compare lifestyles between populations that vary temporally and geographically. This goal seems to have been limited by several features, both in terms of the populations studied and the approaches used, which prevent direct comparisons. These need to be addressed in future analyses, while approaches such as standardisation of methods and the use of clinical knowledge in the field of biological anthropology will contribute to a better understanding of spinal arthropathies in both past and present populations.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventThe 19th Congress of The International Federation of Associations of Anatomists - Excel , London, United Kingdom
Duration: 9 Aug 201911 Aug 2019
http://www.ifaa2019.com/

Conference

ConferenceThe 19th Congress of The International Federation of Associations of Anatomists
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period9/08/1911/08/19
Internet address

Fingerprint

Pathology
Joint Diseases
Archaeology
Research
Population
Anthropology
Life Style
Bone and Bones
Body Remains
Anatomy
Spine
History

Keywords

  • Palaeopathology
  • Spinal Pathology
  • Spinal Arthropathies
  • Joint Diseases
  • Anatomy
  • Osteology
  • Thematic analysis

Cite this

Larner, K., Wilkinson, T., & Swales, D. (2019). The many facets of human spinal pathology: A review of research areas and recording methodologies on skeletal remains. Poster session presented at The 19th Congress of The International Federation of Associations of Anatomists, London, United Kingdom.
Larner, Katie ; Wilkinson, Tracey ; Swales, Diana. / The many facets of human spinal pathology : A review of research areas and recording methodologies on skeletal remains. Poster session presented at The 19th Congress of The International Federation of Associations of Anatomists, London, United Kingdom.
@conference{24dc13f20ed24dfaaf7965b5e36a0398,
title = "The many facets of human spinal pathology: A review of research areas and recording methodologies on skeletal remains",
abstract = "Spinal arthropathies have been prevalent throughout history, so the recording and analysis of these pathologies is important across multiple disciplines from archaeology through to clinical anatomy. Analysis of manifestations of diseases and degeneration of the vertebral column in ancient human remains provides valuable insights not only into the lifestyles of past populations, but also the evolution, development and spread of spinal arthropathies seen in modern populations. To carry out research reliably on spinal pathologies in different populations requires robust and replicable methodologies. The aims of this project were therefore to identify in the literature the methods being used for identification and recording of spinal pathology on dry bone from archaeological contexts, and to explore the aims of such studies and their key findings. A review of biological anthropology and archaeology studies and professional reports identified three main methodologies. One method relates to the simple presence or absence of a condition, while two methods grade the severity of different pathological bone changes using numerical severity scales. It was also identified through the review that the overarching goal of many studies has been to compare lifestyles between populations that vary temporally and geographically. This goal seems to have been limited by several features, both in terms of the populations studied and the approaches used, which prevent direct comparisons. These need to be addressed in future analyses, while approaches such as standardisation of methods and the use of clinical knowledge in the field of biological anthropology will contribute to a better understanding of spinal arthropathies in both past and present populations.",
keywords = "Palaeopathology, Spinal Pathology, Spinal Arthropathies, Joint Diseases, Anatomy, Osteology, Thematic analysis",
author = "Katie Larner and Tracey Wilkinson and Diana Swales",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
note = "The 19th Congress of The International Federation of Associations of Anatomists ; Conference date: 09-08-2019 Through 11-08-2019",
url = "http://www.ifaa2019.com/",

}

Larner, K, Wilkinson, T & Swales, D 2019, 'The many facets of human spinal pathology: A review of research areas and recording methodologies on skeletal remains' The 19th Congress of The International Federation of Associations of Anatomists, London, United Kingdom, 9/08/19 - 11/08/19, .

The many facets of human spinal pathology : A review of research areas and recording methodologies on skeletal remains. / Larner, Katie; Wilkinson, Tracey (Supervisor); Swales, Diana (Supervisor).

2019. Poster session presented at The 19th Congress of The International Federation of Associations of Anatomists, London, United Kingdom.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

TY - CONF

T1 - The many facets of human spinal pathology

T2 - A review of research areas and recording methodologies on skeletal remains

AU - Larner, Katie

A2 - Wilkinson, Tracey

A2 - Swales, Diana

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Spinal arthropathies have been prevalent throughout history, so the recording and analysis of these pathologies is important across multiple disciplines from archaeology through to clinical anatomy. Analysis of manifestations of diseases and degeneration of the vertebral column in ancient human remains provides valuable insights not only into the lifestyles of past populations, but also the evolution, development and spread of spinal arthropathies seen in modern populations. To carry out research reliably on spinal pathologies in different populations requires robust and replicable methodologies. The aims of this project were therefore to identify in the literature the methods being used for identification and recording of spinal pathology on dry bone from archaeological contexts, and to explore the aims of such studies and their key findings. A review of biological anthropology and archaeology studies and professional reports identified three main methodologies. One method relates to the simple presence or absence of a condition, while two methods grade the severity of different pathological bone changes using numerical severity scales. It was also identified through the review that the overarching goal of many studies has been to compare lifestyles between populations that vary temporally and geographically. This goal seems to have been limited by several features, both in terms of the populations studied and the approaches used, which prevent direct comparisons. These need to be addressed in future analyses, while approaches such as standardisation of methods and the use of clinical knowledge in the field of biological anthropology will contribute to a better understanding of spinal arthropathies in both past and present populations.

AB - Spinal arthropathies have been prevalent throughout history, so the recording and analysis of these pathologies is important across multiple disciplines from archaeology through to clinical anatomy. Analysis of manifestations of diseases and degeneration of the vertebral column in ancient human remains provides valuable insights not only into the lifestyles of past populations, but also the evolution, development and spread of spinal arthropathies seen in modern populations. To carry out research reliably on spinal pathologies in different populations requires robust and replicable methodologies. The aims of this project were therefore to identify in the literature the methods being used for identification and recording of spinal pathology on dry bone from archaeological contexts, and to explore the aims of such studies and their key findings. A review of biological anthropology and archaeology studies and professional reports identified three main methodologies. One method relates to the simple presence or absence of a condition, while two methods grade the severity of different pathological bone changes using numerical severity scales. It was also identified through the review that the overarching goal of many studies has been to compare lifestyles between populations that vary temporally and geographically. This goal seems to have been limited by several features, both in terms of the populations studied and the approaches used, which prevent direct comparisons. These need to be addressed in future analyses, while approaches such as standardisation of methods and the use of clinical knowledge in the field of biological anthropology will contribute to a better understanding of spinal arthropathies in both past and present populations.

KW - Palaeopathology

KW - Spinal Pathology

KW - Spinal Arthropathies

KW - Joint Diseases

KW - Anatomy

KW - Osteology

KW - Thematic analysis

M3 - Poster

ER -

Larner K, Wilkinson T, Swales D. The many facets of human spinal pathology: A review of research areas and recording methodologies on skeletal remains. 2019. Poster session presented at The 19th Congress of The International Federation of Associations of Anatomists, London, United Kingdom.