The N-terminal RASSF family: a new group of Ras-association-domain-containing proteins, with emerging links to cancer formation

Victoria Sherwood, Asha Recino, Alex Jeffries, Andrew Ward, Andrew D. Chalmers (Lead / Corresponding author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    67 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The RASSF (Ras-association domain family) has recently gained several new members and now contains ten proteins (RASSF1-10), several of which are potential tumour suppressors. The family can be split into two groups, the classical RASSF proteins (RASSF1-6) and the four recently added N-terminal RASSF proteins (RASSF7-10). The N-terminal RASSF proteins have a number of differences from the classical RASSF members and represent a newly defined set of potential Ras effectors. They have been linked to key biological processes, including cell death, proliferation, microtubule stability, promoter methylation, vesicle trafficking and response to hypoxia. Two members of the N-terminal RASSF family have also been highlighted as potential tumour suppressors. The present review will summarize what is known about the N-terminal RASSF proteins, addressing their function and possible links to cancer formation. It will also compare the N-terminal RASSF proteins with the classical RASSF proteins and ask whether the N-terminal RASSF proteins should be considered as genuine members or imposters in the RASSF family.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)303-311
    Number of pages9
    JournalBiochemical Journal
    Volume425
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2010

    Keywords

    • Cell physiological phenomena
    • Humans
    • Neoplasms
    • Protein structure, Tertiary
    • Transcription factors
    • Tumor suppressor proteins
    • Vesicular transport proteins

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