The Perceptions and Experiences of Undergraduate Healthcare Students with Debriefing

Asma N. Arabi (Lead / Corresponding author), Catherine A. Kennedy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We performed a systematized review examining the existing literature on undergraduate healthcare students' perceptions and experiences with debriefing methods in simulation-based education (SBE). Twenty empirical research articles published in English between 2008 and 2020 were identified during a systematic search of four electronic databases. Data derived from these articles underwent critical appraisal and thematic analysis.

Students valued the opportunity in debriefing for reflection, raising self-awareness of skills and learning. They preferred structured debriefing for promoting analytic skills and transfer of learning; favored video-assisted debriefing for fast recall and improving communication skills; and benefited most from instructor-led rather thanpeer- led debriefing. However, students appreciated group debriefing for aiding the construction of new understandings. There was no consensus on the preferred timing of debriefing, and students highlighted their concern about the disclosure of errors across different debriefing methods. Recommendations for educators to improve debriefing experiences and for future research are considered.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSimulation in Healthcare
Early online date21 Jun 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Jun 2022


  • Debriefing
  • simulation-based education
  • method
  • undergraduate
  • healthcare
  • students


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