The pleckstrin homology domains of protein kinase B and GRP1 (general receptor for phosphoinositides-1) are sensitive and selective probes for the cellular detection of phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphate and/or phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate in vivo

Alexander Gray, Jeroen Van Der Kaay, C. Peter Downes

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    173 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We have tested the binding specificities of the pleckstrin homology (PH) domains of protein kinase B (PKB) and GRP1 (general receptor for phosphoinositides-1), expressed as green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion proteins [PH(PKB)GFP and PH(GRP1)GFP respectively] in HEK 293 cells and Swiss 3T3 cells, using confocal microscopy. Stimulation of HEK 293 cells with insulin caused a small, but sustained, increase in PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 levels, detected using a radioligand displacement assay, which was mirrored by the translocation of PH(PKB)GFP and PH(GRP1)GFP from the cytosol to the plasma membrane of live, transfected cells. Similar results were Swiss 3T3 cells stimulated with platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and expressing either PH(PKB)GFP or PH(GRP1)-GFP. Biochemical analyses confirmed the accumulation of both PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 and PtdIns(3,4)P2 in response to PDGF, but only the latter was present at increased levels in Swiss 3T3 cells 30 min after an oxidative stress (1 mM H2O2). Concomitantly, only PH(PKB)GFP, and not PH(GRP1)GFP, was localized at plasma membranes after 30 min of treatment with H2O2. The fusion proteins appear accurately to report the spatial and temporal distribution of PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 and PtdIns(3,4)P2 in intact cells. These results establish the lipid selectivity of these PH domains in vivo, and further emphasize the overlapping, but distinct, second messenger roles of PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 and PtdIns(3,4)P2.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)929-936
    Number of pages8
    JournalBiochemical Journal
    Volume344
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 1999

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    Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
    Green Fluorescent Proteins
    Swiss 3T3 Cells
    HEK293 Cells
    Platelet-Derived Growth Factor
    Cell membranes
    Cell Membrane
    Fusion reactions
    phosphatidylinositol 3,4-diphosphate
    phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-triphosphate
    Pleckstrin Homology Domains
    phosphatidylinositol receptors
    platelet protein P47
    Radioligand Assay
    Second Messenger Systems
    Oxidative stress
    Confocal microscopy
    Confocal Microscopy
    Cytosol
    Proteins

    Keywords

    • Confocal microscopy
    • Green fluorescent protein

    Cite this

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    title = "The pleckstrin homology domains of protein kinase B and GRP1 (general receptor for phosphoinositides-1) are sensitive and selective probes for the cellular detection of phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphate and/or phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate in vivo",
    abstract = "We have tested the binding specificities of the pleckstrin homology (PH) domains of protein kinase B (PKB) and GRP1 (general receptor for phosphoinositides-1), expressed as green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion proteins [PH(PKB)GFP and PH(GRP1)GFP respectively] in HEK 293 cells and Swiss 3T3 cells, using confocal microscopy. Stimulation of HEK 293 cells with insulin caused a small, but sustained, increase in PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 levels, detected using a radioligand displacement assay, which was mirrored by the translocation of PH(PKB)GFP and PH(GRP1)GFP from the cytosol to the plasma membrane of live, transfected cells. Similar results were Swiss 3T3 cells stimulated with platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and expressing either PH(PKB)GFP or PH(GRP1)-GFP. Biochemical analyses confirmed the accumulation of both PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 and PtdIns(3,4)P2 in response to PDGF, but only the latter was present at increased levels in Swiss 3T3 cells 30 min after an oxidative stress (1 mM H2O2). Concomitantly, only PH(PKB)GFP, and not PH(GRP1)GFP, was localized at plasma membranes after 30 min of treatment with H2O2. The fusion proteins appear accurately to report the spatial and temporal distribution of PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 and PtdIns(3,4)P2 in intact cells. These results establish the lipid selectivity of these PH domains in vivo, and further emphasize the overlapping, but distinct, second messenger roles of PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 and PtdIns(3,4)P2.",
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    author = "Alexander Gray and {Van Der Kaay}, Jeroen and Downes, {C. Peter}",
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    T1 - The pleckstrin homology domains of protein kinase B and GRP1 (general receptor for phosphoinositides-1) are sensitive and selective probes for the cellular detection of phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphate and/or phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate in vivo

    AU - Gray, Alexander

    AU - Van Der Kaay, Jeroen

    AU - Downes, C. Peter

    PY - 1999/12/15

    Y1 - 1999/12/15

    N2 - We have tested the binding specificities of the pleckstrin homology (PH) domains of protein kinase B (PKB) and GRP1 (general receptor for phosphoinositides-1), expressed as green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion proteins [PH(PKB)GFP and PH(GRP1)GFP respectively] in HEK 293 cells and Swiss 3T3 cells, using confocal microscopy. Stimulation of HEK 293 cells with insulin caused a small, but sustained, increase in PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 levels, detected using a radioligand displacement assay, which was mirrored by the translocation of PH(PKB)GFP and PH(GRP1)GFP from the cytosol to the plasma membrane of live, transfected cells. Similar results were Swiss 3T3 cells stimulated with platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and expressing either PH(PKB)GFP or PH(GRP1)-GFP. Biochemical analyses confirmed the accumulation of both PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 and PtdIns(3,4)P2 in response to PDGF, but only the latter was present at increased levels in Swiss 3T3 cells 30 min after an oxidative stress (1 mM H2O2). Concomitantly, only PH(PKB)GFP, and not PH(GRP1)GFP, was localized at plasma membranes after 30 min of treatment with H2O2. The fusion proteins appear accurately to report the spatial and temporal distribution of PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 and PtdIns(3,4)P2 in intact cells. These results establish the lipid selectivity of these PH domains in vivo, and further emphasize the overlapping, but distinct, second messenger roles of PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 and PtdIns(3,4)P2.

    AB - We have tested the binding specificities of the pleckstrin homology (PH) domains of protein kinase B (PKB) and GRP1 (general receptor for phosphoinositides-1), expressed as green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion proteins [PH(PKB)GFP and PH(GRP1)GFP respectively] in HEK 293 cells and Swiss 3T3 cells, using confocal microscopy. Stimulation of HEK 293 cells with insulin caused a small, but sustained, increase in PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 levels, detected using a radioligand displacement assay, which was mirrored by the translocation of PH(PKB)GFP and PH(GRP1)GFP from the cytosol to the plasma membrane of live, transfected cells. Similar results were Swiss 3T3 cells stimulated with platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and expressing either PH(PKB)GFP or PH(GRP1)-GFP. Biochemical analyses confirmed the accumulation of both PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 and PtdIns(3,4)P2 in response to PDGF, but only the latter was present at increased levels in Swiss 3T3 cells 30 min after an oxidative stress (1 mM H2O2). Concomitantly, only PH(PKB)GFP, and not PH(GRP1)GFP, was localized at plasma membranes after 30 min of treatment with H2O2. The fusion proteins appear accurately to report the spatial and temporal distribution of PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 and PtdIns(3,4)P2 in intact cells. These results establish the lipid selectivity of these PH domains in vivo, and further emphasize the overlapping, but distinct, second messenger roles of PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 and PtdIns(3,4)P2.

    KW - Confocal microscopy

    KW - Green fluorescent protein

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    U2 - 10.1042/0264-6021:3440929

    DO - 10.1042/0264-6021:3440929

    M3 - Article

    VL - 344

    SP - 929

    EP - 936

    JO - Biochemical Journal

    JF - Biochemical Journal

    SN - 0264-6021

    IS - 3

    ER -