This chapter reads the iconic model village of New Lanark as a node in a global history of cotton, arguing that textiles, but cotton in particular, represents a potent way to re-think Scotland’s ‘Age of Improvement’ with specific attention to the ‘Problem of Slavery’. The first section situates New Lanark at the cross-section of the resurgence of interest in cotton as a centrepiece of global history, and the current recovery of the memory of slavery in Scotland more specifically: at New Lanark it identifies the global in the local. The second section re-evaluates the ideology of ‘gradual improvement’ espoused by New Lanark’s key owners. First, David Dale who founded the mill in 1785 and was chair of Glasgow's Abolitionist Society in the 1790s. Second, Robert Owen who pioneered factory reform but often endorsed pro-slavery arguments in the context of the movement for emancipation in the late 1820s. During his travels in the United States and the Caribbean Owen recorded observations on slavery which are reproduced here. Finally, this chapter considers some of the tensions produced where the ideology of ‘gradual improvement’ meets a world system in which racialized chattel enslavement forms an extreme pole on the spectrum of labour.
|Title of host publication||Cultures of Improvement in Scottish Romanticism 1707-1840|
|Editors||Alex Benchimol, Gerard McKeever|
|Number of pages||21|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|