There are over 1 billion disabled people worldwide, making up approximately 15% of the world population. Women are more likely to be disabled than men, with a prevalence of 19% compared to 12% (World Health Organization, 2011). Disability is defined in the UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities (CRPD) (2007) as the presence of ‘long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder . . . full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others’. In this chapter, disability is understood through an interactional model; although individuals’ impairments can contribute to their difficulties participating in activities of daily life, disability occurs when social and attitudinal barriers in society fail to take account of disabled people’s needs (Shakespeare, 2014). The term ‘disabled people’ is therefore used within this chapter rather than ‘people with disabilities’ in order to recognise that people are predominantly disabled by external factors. The CRPD has outlined disability specific rights to life, liberty and security, independent living as part of a community and equitable access to social protection. The CRPD also stipulates that disabled people should have freedom from exploitation, violence and abuse.
|Title of host publication||The Routledge Handbook of Gender and Violence|
|Place of Publication||London|
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 8 Dec 2018|
|Name||The Routledge Handbook of Gender and Violence|