Three structural priming experiments investigated how monotransitive and intransitive structures are represented. Experiment 1 showed that priming from intransitives was stronger when the verb was the same in prime and target than when it was different, but monotransitive priming was unaffected by verb repetition. We argue that the activation of intransitive structures is represented as lexically specific information, whereas the activation of monotransitive structures is represented as category-general information, that is, it is not represented for individual verbs. Experiment 2 showed that monotransitive structures did prime relative to a baseline condition, indicating that the absence of a verb repetition effect with monotransitive primes was not due to a complete absence of priming. Experiment 3 showed a verb repetition effect with wh-monotransitive primes that were structurally similar to intransitives. The effect was in the same direction as with intransitive primes, suggesting that priming is due to linear structure. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.