The role of 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 in activating AGC kinases defined in embryonic stem cells

Michayla R. Williams, J. Simon C. Arthur, Anudharan Balendran, Jeroen Van der Kaay, Valeria Poli, Philip Cohen, Dario R. Alessi

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    Abstract

    Background: Protein kinase B (PKB), and the p70 and p90 ribosomal S6 kinases (p70 S6 kinase and p90 Rsk, respectively), are activated by phosphorylation of two residues, one in the 'T-loop' of the kinase domain and, the other, in the hydrophobic motif carboxy terminal to the kinase domain. The 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1) activates many AGC kinases in vitro by phosphorylating the T-loop residue, but whether PDK1 also phosphorylates the hydrophobic motif and whether all other AGC kinases are substrates for PDK1 is unknown. Results: Mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells in which both copies of the PDK1 gene were disrupted were viable. In PDK1(-/-) ES cells, PKB, p70 S6 kinase and p90 Rsk were not activated by stimuli that induced strong activation in PDK1(+/+) cells. Other AGC kinases - namely, protein kinase A (PKA), the mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase 1 (MSK1) and the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) - had normal activity or were activated normally in PDK1(-/-) cells. The insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) induced PKB phosphorylation at its hydrophobic motif, but not at its T-loop residue, in PDK1(-/-) cells. IGF1 did not induce phosphorylation of p70 S6 kinase at its hydrophobic motif in PDK1(-/-) cells. Conclusions: PDK1 mediates activation of PKB, p70 S6 kinase and p90 Rsk in vivo, but is not rate-limiting for activation of PKA, MSK1 and AMPK. Another kinase phosphorylates PKB at its hydrophobic motif in PDK1(-/-) cells. PDK1 phosphorylates the hydrophobic motif of p70 S6 kinase either directly or by activation of another kinase.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)439-448
    Number of pages10
    JournalCurrent Biology
    Volume10
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2000

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    3-Phosphoinositide-Dependent Protein Kinases
    embryonic stem cells
    Embryonic Stem Cells
    Stem cells
    protein kinases
    phosphotransferases (kinases)
    Phosphotransferases
    70-kDa Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases
    90-kDa Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases
    Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
    Phosphorylation
    Chemical activation
    mitogen-activated protein kinase
    AMP-Activated Protein Kinases
    Somatomedins
    Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
    AMP-activated protein kinase
    phosphorylation
    cAMP-dependent protein kinase
    somatomedins

    Cite this

    Williams, Michayla R. ; Arthur, J. Simon C. ; Balendran, Anudharan ; Van der Kaay, Jeroen ; Poli, Valeria ; Cohen, Philip ; Alessi, Dario R. / The role of 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 in activating AGC kinases defined in embryonic stem cells. In: Current Biology. 2000 ; Vol. 10, No. 8. pp. 439-448.
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    abstract = "Background: Protein kinase B (PKB), and the p70 and p90 ribosomal S6 kinases (p70 S6 kinase and p90 Rsk, respectively), are activated by phosphorylation of two residues, one in the 'T-loop' of the kinase domain and, the other, in the hydrophobic motif carboxy terminal to the kinase domain. The 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1) activates many AGC kinases in vitro by phosphorylating the T-loop residue, but whether PDK1 also phosphorylates the hydrophobic motif and whether all other AGC kinases are substrates for PDK1 is unknown. Results: Mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells in which both copies of the PDK1 gene were disrupted were viable. In PDK1(-/-) ES cells, PKB, p70 S6 kinase and p90 Rsk were not activated by stimuli that induced strong activation in PDK1(+/+) cells. Other AGC kinases - namely, protein kinase A (PKA), the mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase 1 (MSK1) and the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) - had normal activity or were activated normally in PDK1(-/-) cells. The insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) induced PKB phosphorylation at its hydrophobic motif, but not at its T-loop residue, in PDK1(-/-) cells. IGF1 did not induce phosphorylation of p70 S6 kinase at its hydrophobic motif in PDK1(-/-) cells. Conclusions: PDK1 mediates activation of PKB, p70 S6 kinase and p90 Rsk in vivo, but is not rate-limiting for activation of PKA, MSK1 and AMPK. Another kinase phosphorylates PKB at its hydrophobic motif in PDK1(-/-) cells. PDK1 phosphorylates the hydrophobic motif of p70 S6 kinase either directly or by activation of another kinase.",
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    The role of 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 in activating AGC kinases defined in embryonic stem cells. / Williams, Michayla R.; Arthur, J. Simon C.; Balendran, Anudharan; Van der Kaay, Jeroen; Poli, Valeria; Cohen, Philip; Alessi, Dario R.

    In: Current Biology, Vol. 10, No. 8, 15.04.2000, p. 439-448.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The role of 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 in activating AGC kinases defined in embryonic stem cells

    AU - Williams, Michayla R.

    AU - Arthur, J. Simon C.

    AU - Balendran, Anudharan

    AU - Van der Kaay, Jeroen

    AU - Poli, Valeria

    AU - Cohen, Philip

    AU - Alessi, Dario R.

    PY - 2000/4/15

    Y1 - 2000/4/15

    N2 - Background: Protein kinase B (PKB), and the p70 and p90 ribosomal S6 kinases (p70 S6 kinase and p90 Rsk, respectively), are activated by phosphorylation of two residues, one in the 'T-loop' of the kinase domain and, the other, in the hydrophobic motif carboxy terminal to the kinase domain. The 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1) activates many AGC kinases in vitro by phosphorylating the T-loop residue, but whether PDK1 also phosphorylates the hydrophobic motif and whether all other AGC kinases are substrates for PDK1 is unknown. Results: Mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells in which both copies of the PDK1 gene were disrupted were viable. In PDK1(-/-) ES cells, PKB, p70 S6 kinase and p90 Rsk were not activated by stimuli that induced strong activation in PDK1(+/+) cells. Other AGC kinases - namely, protein kinase A (PKA), the mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase 1 (MSK1) and the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) - had normal activity or were activated normally in PDK1(-/-) cells. The insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) induced PKB phosphorylation at its hydrophobic motif, but not at its T-loop residue, in PDK1(-/-) cells. IGF1 did not induce phosphorylation of p70 S6 kinase at its hydrophobic motif in PDK1(-/-) cells. Conclusions: PDK1 mediates activation of PKB, p70 S6 kinase and p90 Rsk in vivo, but is not rate-limiting for activation of PKA, MSK1 and AMPK. Another kinase phosphorylates PKB at its hydrophobic motif in PDK1(-/-) cells. PDK1 phosphorylates the hydrophobic motif of p70 S6 kinase either directly or by activation of another kinase.

    AB - Background: Protein kinase B (PKB), and the p70 and p90 ribosomal S6 kinases (p70 S6 kinase and p90 Rsk, respectively), are activated by phosphorylation of two residues, one in the 'T-loop' of the kinase domain and, the other, in the hydrophobic motif carboxy terminal to the kinase domain. The 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1) activates many AGC kinases in vitro by phosphorylating the T-loop residue, but whether PDK1 also phosphorylates the hydrophobic motif and whether all other AGC kinases are substrates for PDK1 is unknown. Results: Mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells in which both copies of the PDK1 gene were disrupted were viable. In PDK1(-/-) ES cells, PKB, p70 S6 kinase and p90 Rsk were not activated by stimuli that induced strong activation in PDK1(+/+) cells. Other AGC kinases - namely, protein kinase A (PKA), the mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase 1 (MSK1) and the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) - had normal activity or were activated normally in PDK1(-/-) cells. The insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) induced PKB phosphorylation at its hydrophobic motif, but not at its T-loop residue, in PDK1(-/-) cells. IGF1 did not induce phosphorylation of p70 S6 kinase at its hydrophobic motif in PDK1(-/-) cells. Conclusions: PDK1 mediates activation of PKB, p70 S6 kinase and p90 Rsk in vivo, but is not rate-limiting for activation of PKA, MSK1 and AMPK. Another kinase phosphorylates PKB at its hydrophobic motif in PDK1(-/-) cells. PDK1 phosphorylates the hydrophobic motif of p70 S6 kinase either directly or by activation of another kinase.

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    JO - Current Biology

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