The Role of Family in the Intergenerational Transmission of Collective Action

Roberto González, Belén Alvarez, Jorge Manzi, Micaela Varela, Cristián Frigolett, Andrew G. Livingstone, Winnifred Louis, Héctor Carvacho, Diego Castro, Manuel Cheyre, Marcela Cornejo, Gloria Jiménez-Moya, Carolina Rocha, Daniel Valdenegro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


The present research demonstrates intergenerational influences on collective action participation, whereby parents’ past and current participation in collective action (descriptive family norms) shape their children’s participation in conventional and radical collective action via injunctive family norms (perception that parents value such participation). Two unique data sets were used: dyads of activist parents and their adult children (Study 1, N = 100 dyads) and student activists who participated in a yearlong, three-wave longitudinal study (Study 2, Ns wave 1 = 1,221, Wave 2 = 960, and Wave 3 = 917). Parents’ past and current participation directly and indirectly predicted children’s protest participation in Study 1, while Study 2 showed a similar pattern longitudinally: Perceptions of parents’ participation (descriptive family norm) and approval (injunctive family norm) predicted change in collective action participation over time. Together, results highlight family environment as a critical setting for the intergenerational transmission of protest.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)856-867
Number of pages12
JournalSocial Psychological and Personality Science
Issue number6
Early online date19 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021


  • collective action
  • descriptive and injunctive norms
  • intergenerational transmission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology


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