The role of the jaw subdomain of peptidoglycan glycosyltransferases for lipid II polymerization

Avinash S Punekar, Firdaus Samsudin, Adrian J Lloyd, Christopher G Dowson, David J Scott, Syma Khalid, David I Roper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)
106 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Bacterial peptidoglycan glycosyltransferases (PGT) catalyse the essential polymerization of lipid II into linear glycan chains required for peptidoglycan biosynthesis. The PGT domain is composed of a large head subdomain and a smaller jaw subdomain and can be potently inhibited by the antibiotic moenomycin A (MoeA). We present an X-ray structure of the MoeA-bound Staphylococcus aureus monofunctional PGT enzyme, revealing electron density for a second MoeA bound to the jaw subdomain as well as the PGT donor site. Isothermal titration calorimetry confirms two drug-binding sites with markedly different affinities and positive cooperativity. Hydrophobic cluster analysis suggests that the membrane-interacting surface of the jaw subdomain has structural and physicochemical properties similar to amphipathic cationic α -helical antimicrobial peptides for lipid II recognition and binding. Furthermore, molecular dynamics simulations of the drug-free and -bound forms of the enzyme demonstrate the importance of the jaw subdomain movement for lipid II selection and polymerization process and provide molecular-level insights into the mechanism of peptidoglycan biosynthesis by PGTs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-66
Number of pages13
JournalCell Surface
Volume2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018

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