The scaffold protein Tks4 is required for the differentiation of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) into adipogenic and osteogenic lineages

Metta Dülk, Gyöngyi Kudlik, Anna Fekete, Dávid Ernszt, Krisztián Kvell, Judit E. Pongrácz, Balázs L. Mero, Bálint Szeder, László Radnai, Miklós Geiszt, Dalma E. Csécsy, Tamás Kovács, Ferenc Uher, Árpád Lányi, Virag Vas, László Buday

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Abstract

The commitment steps of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) to adipogenic and other lineages have been widely studied but not fully understood. Therefore, it is critical to understand which molecules contribute to the conversion of stem cells into differentiated cells. The scaffold protein Tks4 plays a role in podosome formation, EGFR signaling and ROS production. Dysfunction of Tks4 causes a hereditary disease called Frank-ter Haar syndrome with a variety of defects concerning certain mesenchymal tissues (bone, fat and cartilage) throughout embryogenic and postnatal development. In this study, we aimed to analyze how the mutation of Tks4 affects the differentiation potential of multipotent bone marrow MSCs (BM-MSCs). We generated a Tks4 knock-out mouse strain on C57Bl/6 background, and characterized BM-MSCs isolated from wild type and Tks4-/-mice to evaluate their differentiation. Tks4-/-BM-MSCs had reduced ability to differentiate into osteogenic and adipogenic lineages compared to wild type. Studying the expression profile of a panel of lipid-regulated genes during adipogenic induction revealed that the expression of adipogenic transcription factors, genes responsible for lipid droplet formation, sterol and fatty acid metabolism was delayed or reduced in Tks4-/-BM-MSCs. Taken together, these results establish a novel function for Tks4 in the regulation of MSC differentiation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number34280
Number of pages9
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Oct 2016

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