Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is known to have multiple precipitating factors and exists in various clinical subtypes. If salivary gland function was compromised in BMS it could help explain the link with diverse precipitating factors. This study quantified stimulated right and left parotid flow rates (SPFR) in 114 patients with BMS. It also attempted to correlate SPFR with haematinic parameters, oral candidal carriage, concurrent drug therapy and BMS subtype. No relationship was found between haematinic parameters and SPFR nor between SPFR and oral candidal carriage. Patients with Type 2 BMS had a significant reduction in SPFR. Antidepressant medication was associated with reduced SPFR but there was no such association with either tranquillisers or hypnotics. These results provide evidence of reduced parotid gland function in Type 2 BMS and a role for antidepressant medication in reducing SPFR.
- Burning mouth syndrome
- Salivary gland function