The serum proteome of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: a multimodal approach to discovery of biomarkers of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis

Michael H. Miller (Lead / Corresponding author), Shaun V. Walsh, Abdel Atirh, Jeffrey T.-J. Huang, Michael A. J. Ferguson, John F. Dillon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background
Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is a common condition affecting up to 25% of the developed world. It is a progressive disease, leading in some to the development of liver cirrhosis. Currently, accurate diagnosis and staging of this condition is only possible with histological examination of a liver biopsy. This gold standard test is neither suitable nor practical for large scale use as is necessary for a condition as common as NAFLD. The aim of this study is to describe the proteome of human NAFLD using two distinct shotgun proteomic methods, translating the findings into potential biomarkers of NAFLD.
Methods
Two distinct shotgun proteomic techniques (iTRAQ and Label Free) were used to describe the proteome of NAFLD. Thereafter, candidate biomarkers were selected for validation by ELISA.
Results
Over 550 protein identifications were made in the description of the NAFLD proteome. Several proteins were found to be significantly up/down regulated in NASH compared with control, including Apolipoprotein E (fold ratio of 1.67), Insulin like growth factor binding protein 3 IGFBP3,fold ratio of 1.642), Vitamin D Binding protein (fold ratio of 4.587) and lymphocyte cytosolic protein1 (LCP1, fold ratio of 4.356).ELISA validation of a subset of these proteins confirms the validity of the proteomic studies and suggests possible new biomarkers of NAFLD.
Conclusion
Serum markers are able to distinguish between the stages of disease in NAFLD as well as detect the grade of fibrosis. Ultimately, non-invasive serum markers may replace liver biopsy in the investigation of patients with suspected NAFLD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1839-1847
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume29
Issue number10
Early online date15 Oct 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2014

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • iTRAQ
  • Label free
  • NAFLD
  • Proteomics

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