The use of nanocrystal quantum dot as fluorophore reporters in molecular beacon-based assays

Oluwasesan Adegoke, Enoch Y. Park (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Citations (Scopus)
175 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The utilization of molecular beacon (MB) biosensor probes to detect nucleic acid targets has received enormous interest within the scientific community. This interest has been stimulated by the operational qualities of MB-based probes with respect to their unique sensitivity and specificity. The design of MB biosensors entails not only optimizing the sequence of the loop to hybridize with the nucleic acid target or optimization of the length of the stem to tune the sensitivity but also the selection of the appropriate fluorophore reporter to generate the signal transduction read-out upon hybridization of the probe with the target sequence. Traditional organic fluorescent dyes are mostly used for signal reporting in MB assays but their optical properties in comparison to semiconductor fluorescent quantum dot (Qdot) nanocrystals are at a disadvantage. This review highlights the progress made in exploiting Qdot as fluorophore reporters in MB-based assays with the aim of instigating further development in the field of Qdot-MB technology. The development reported to date indicates that unparalleled fluorescence signal reporting in MB-based assays can be achieved using well-constructed Qdot fluorophores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32
JournalNano Convergence
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

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