The use of the Rx spin label in orientation measurement on proteins, by EPR

M. A. Stevens, J. E. McKay, J. L S Robinson, H. El Mkami, G. M. Smith, D. G. Norman (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
164 Downloads (Pure)


The bipedal spin label Rx is more restricted in its conformation and dynamics than its monopodal counterpart R1. To systematically investigate the utility of the Rx label, we have attempted to comprehensively survey the attachment of Rx to protein secondary structures. We have examined the formation, structure and dynamics of the spin label in relation to the underlying protein in order to determine feasibility and optimum conditions for distance and orientation measurement by pulsed EPR. The labeled proteins have been studied using molecular dynamics, CW EPR, pulsed EPR distance measurement at X-band and orientation measurement at W-band. The utility of different modes and positions of attachment have been compared and contrasted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5799-5806
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Issue number8
Early online date25 Sept 2015
Publication statusPublished - 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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