The utility of the proximal epiphysis of the fifth metatarsal in age estimation

Catriona M. Davies, Lucina Hackman, Sue Black

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Radiographs of 277 living individuals were assessed via a numerical scoring system to determine the timing of appearance and degree of fusion between the proximal epiphysis of the fifth metatarsal and its diaphysis. The epiphysis was observed to first appear in females at 8 years and 10 years in males and fuse by 14 years in females and 15 years in males. When assessing the level of agreement of category assignment, inter-observer agreement was 78% for females and 64% for males whereas intra-observer agreement was 77% for females and 86.1% for males. These results suggest that the maturation of the proximal epiphysis of the fifth metatarsal may be of value in age estimation in the child and that the scoring system is sufficiently robust to merit continued investigation. Previously this epiphysis has been considered an inconstant feature, but this research confirmed its presence in all individuals studied.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)436-442
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Forensic Sciences
    Volume58
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013

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    Epiphyses
    Metatarsal Bones
    Diaphyses
    Research

    Keywords

    • Forensic science
    • Forensic anthropology
    • Age estimation
    • Epiphyseal union
    • Foot
    • Fifth metatarsal

    Cite this

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    title = "The utility of the proximal epiphysis of the fifth metatarsal in age estimation",
    abstract = "Radiographs of 277 living individuals were assessed via a numerical scoring system to determine the timing of appearance and degree of fusion between the proximal epiphysis of the fifth metatarsal and its diaphysis. The epiphysis was observed to first appear in females at 8 years and 10 years in males and fuse by 14 years in females and 15 years in males. When assessing the level of agreement of category assignment, inter-observer agreement was 78{\%} for females and 64{\%} for males whereas intra-observer agreement was 77{\%} for females and 86.1{\%} for males. These results suggest that the maturation of the proximal epiphysis of the fifth metatarsal may be of value in age estimation in the child and that the scoring system is sufficiently robust to merit continued investigation. Previously this epiphysis has been considered an inconstant feature, but this research confirmed its presence in all individuals studied.",
    keywords = "Forensic science, Forensic anthropology, Age estimation, Epiphyseal union, Foot, Fifth metatarsal",
    author = "Davies, {Catriona M.} and Lucina Hackman and Sue Black",
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    The utility of the proximal epiphysis of the fifth metatarsal in age estimation. / Davies, Catriona M.; Hackman, Lucina; Black, Sue.

    In: Journal of Forensic Sciences, Vol. 58, No. 2, 03.2013, p. 436-442.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The utility of the proximal epiphysis of the fifth metatarsal in age estimation

    AU - Davies, Catriona M.

    AU - Hackman, Lucina

    AU - Black, Sue

    PY - 2013/3

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    N2 - Radiographs of 277 living individuals were assessed via a numerical scoring system to determine the timing of appearance and degree of fusion between the proximal epiphysis of the fifth metatarsal and its diaphysis. The epiphysis was observed to first appear in females at 8 years and 10 years in males and fuse by 14 years in females and 15 years in males. When assessing the level of agreement of category assignment, inter-observer agreement was 78% for females and 64% for males whereas intra-observer agreement was 77% for females and 86.1% for males. These results suggest that the maturation of the proximal epiphysis of the fifth metatarsal may be of value in age estimation in the child and that the scoring system is sufficiently robust to merit continued investigation. Previously this epiphysis has been considered an inconstant feature, but this research confirmed its presence in all individuals studied.

    AB - Radiographs of 277 living individuals were assessed via a numerical scoring system to determine the timing of appearance and degree of fusion between the proximal epiphysis of the fifth metatarsal and its diaphysis. The epiphysis was observed to first appear in females at 8 years and 10 years in males and fuse by 14 years in females and 15 years in males. When assessing the level of agreement of category assignment, inter-observer agreement was 78% for females and 64% for males whereas intra-observer agreement was 77% for females and 86.1% for males. These results suggest that the maturation of the proximal epiphysis of the fifth metatarsal may be of value in age estimation in the child and that the scoring system is sufficiently robust to merit continued investigation. Previously this epiphysis has been considered an inconstant feature, but this research confirmed its presence in all individuals studied.

    KW - Forensic science

    KW - Forensic anthropology

    KW - Age estimation

    KW - Epiphyseal union

    KW - Foot

    KW - Fifth metatarsal

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