The world’s tallest tropical tree in three dimensions

Alexander Shenkin, Chris J. Chandler, Doreen S. Boyd, Toby Jackson, Mathias Disney, Noreen Majalap, Reuben Nilus, Giles Foody, Jamiluddin bin Jami, Glen Reynolds, Phil Wilkes, Mark Cutler, Geertje M.F. van der Heijden, David FRP Burslem, David A. Coomes, Lisa Patrick Bentley, Yadvinder Malhi (Lead / Corresponding author)

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Abstract

Here we report the recent discovery of the world’s tallest tropical tree (Shorea faguetiana), possibly the world’s tallest angiosperm (flowering plant), located in the rainforests of Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. In addition, we provide a novel three-dimensional exploration of the dimensions of this remarkable tree and use these data to speculate on what drives the limits of tree height. Through consideration of both mechanical (risk of wind damage) and ecophysiological constraints we argue that this tree is close to the maximum height possible for angiosperms, around 100 m, and discuss more broadly what the nature and location of this tree imply about the limits to tree height. We propose to name this remarkable tree “Menara”, Malay for “tower”.
Original languageEnglish
Article number32
JournalFrontiers in Forests and Global Change
Volume2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jun 2019

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Angiospermae
Borneo
Shorea
rain forests
wind damage

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Shenkin, A., Chandler, C. J., Boyd, D. S., Jackson, T., Disney, M., Majalap, N., ... Malhi, Y. (2019). The world’s tallest tropical tree in three dimensions. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 2, [32]. https://doi.org/10.3389/ffgc.2019.00032
Shenkin, Alexander ; Chandler, Chris J. ; Boyd, Doreen S. ; Jackson, Toby ; Disney, Mathias ; Majalap, Noreen ; Nilus, Reuben ; Foody, Giles ; bin Jami, Jamiluddin ; Reynolds, Glen ; Wilkes, Phil ; Cutler, Mark ; van der Heijden, Geertje M.F. ; Burslem, David FRP ; Coomes, David A. ; Bentley, Lisa Patrick ; Malhi, Yadvinder . / The world’s tallest tropical tree in three dimensions. In: Frontiers in Forests and Global Change. 2019 ; Vol. 2.
@article{1528c41561c245d988564cd3eaf89078,
title = "The world’s tallest tropical tree in three dimensions",
abstract = "Here we report the recent discovery of the world’s tallest tropical tree (Shorea faguetiana), possibly the world’s tallest angiosperm (flowering plant), located in the rainforests of Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. In addition, we provide a novel three-dimensional exploration of the dimensions of this remarkable tree and use these data to speculate on what drives the limits of tree height. Through consideration of both mechanical (risk of wind damage) and ecophysiological constraints we argue that this tree is close to the maximum height possible for angiosperms, around 100 m, and discuss more broadly what the nature and location of this tree imply about the limits to tree height. We propose to name this remarkable tree “Menara”, Malay for “tower”.",
author = "Alexander Shenkin and Chandler, {Chris J.} and Boyd, {Doreen S.} and Toby Jackson and Mathias Disney and Noreen Majalap and Reuben Nilus and Giles Foody and {bin Jami}, Jamiluddin and Glen Reynolds and Phil Wilkes and Mark Cutler and {van der Heijden}, {Geertje M.F.} and Burslem, {David FRP} and Coomes, {David A.} and Bentley, {Lisa Patrick} and Yadvinder Malhi",
note = "We would like to thank NERC for funding the airborne remote sensing campaign (HMTF grant NE/K016377/1 to the BALI consortium, YM, DC and DB) + direct access grant to MC, DSB, GM and DB), analyses (grants NE/P004806/1 to MC, DSB, GF, DB, GH, and NE/I528477/1 to GH, DSB, GF), and groundbased work (grant NE/P012337/1 to YM, MD and LPB); an ERC Advanced Investigator Award (321131) to YM for funding the UAV work; LAStools’ LASmoons program for a free academic license; and an Anne McLaren Research fellowship by the University of Nottingham to GH for funding the tree climbing. YM is supported by the Jackson Foundation.",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "18",
doi = "10.3389/ffgc.2019.00032",
language = "English",
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journal = "Frontiers in Forests and Global Change",
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Shenkin, A, Chandler, CJ, Boyd, DS, Jackson, T, Disney, M, Majalap, N, Nilus, R, Foody, G, bin Jami, J, Reynolds, G, Wilkes, P, Cutler, M, van der Heijden, GMF, Burslem, DFRP, Coomes, DA, Bentley, LP & Malhi, Y 2019, 'The world’s tallest tropical tree in three dimensions', Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, vol. 2, 32. https://doi.org/10.3389/ffgc.2019.00032

The world’s tallest tropical tree in three dimensions. / Shenkin, Alexander ; Chandler, Chris J. ; Boyd, Doreen S.; Jackson, Toby ; Disney, Mathias ; Majalap, Noreen; Nilus, Reuben ; Foody, Giles; bin Jami, Jamiluddin ; Reynolds, Glen ; Wilkes, Phil ; Cutler, Mark; van der Heijden, Geertje M.F. ; Burslem, David FRP ; Coomes, David A. ; Bentley, Lisa Patrick ; Malhi, Yadvinder (Lead / Corresponding author).

In: Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, Vol. 2, 32, 18.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - The world’s tallest tropical tree in three dimensions

AU - Shenkin, Alexander

AU - Chandler, Chris J.

AU - Boyd, Doreen S.

AU - Jackson, Toby

AU - Disney, Mathias

AU - Majalap, Noreen

AU - Nilus, Reuben

AU - Foody, Giles

AU - bin Jami, Jamiluddin

AU - Reynolds, Glen

AU - Wilkes, Phil

AU - Cutler, Mark

AU - van der Heijden, Geertje M.F.

AU - Burslem, David FRP

AU - Coomes, David A.

AU - Bentley, Lisa Patrick

AU - Malhi, Yadvinder

N1 - We would like to thank NERC for funding the airborne remote sensing campaign (HMTF grant NE/K016377/1 to the BALI consortium, YM, DC and DB) + direct access grant to MC, DSB, GM and DB), analyses (grants NE/P004806/1 to MC, DSB, GF, DB, GH, and NE/I528477/1 to GH, DSB, GF), and groundbased work (grant NE/P012337/1 to YM, MD and LPB); an ERC Advanced Investigator Award (321131) to YM for funding the UAV work; LAStools’ LASmoons program for a free academic license; and an Anne McLaren Research fellowship by the University of Nottingham to GH for funding the tree climbing. YM is supported by the Jackson Foundation.

PY - 2019/6/18

Y1 - 2019/6/18

N2 - Here we report the recent discovery of the world’s tallest tropical tree (Shorea faguetiana), possibly the world’s tallest angiosperm (flowering plant), located in the rainforests of Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. In addition, we provide a novel three-dimensional exploration of the dimensions of this remarkable tree and use these data to speculate on what drives the limits of tree height. Through consideration of both mechanical (risk of wind damage) and ecophysiological constraints we argue that this tree is close to the maximum height possible for angiosperms, around 100 m, and discuss more broadly what the nature and location of this tree imply about the limits to tree height. We propose to name this remarkable tree “Menara”, Malay for “tower”.

AB - Here we report the recent discovery of the world’s tallest tropical tree (Shorea faguetiana), possibly the world’s tallest angiosperm (flowering plant), located in the rainforests of Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. In addition, we provide a novel three-dimensional exploration of the dimensions of this remarkable tree and use these data to speculate on what drives the limits of tree height. Through consideration of both mechanical (risk of wind damage) and ecophysiological constraints we argue that this tree is close to the maximum height possible for angiosperms, around 100 m, and discuss more broadly what the nature and location of this tree imply about the limits to tree height. We propose to name this remarkable tree “Menara”, Malay for “tower”.

U2 - 10.3389/ffgc.2019.00032

DO - 10.3389/ffgc.2019.00032

M3 - Article

VL - 2

JO - Frontiers in Forests and Global Change

JF - Frontiers in Forests and Global Change

SN - 2624-893X

M1 - 32

ER -

Shenkin A, Chandler CJ, Boyd DS, Jackson T, Disney M, Majalap N et al. The world’s tallest tropical tree in three dimensions. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change. 2019 Jun 18;2. 32. https://doi.org/10.3389/ffgc.2019.00032