Thiel-embalming technique: investigation of possible modification in embalming tissue as evaluation model for radiofrequency ablation

Peiyu Liao, Zhigang Wang (Lead / Corresponding author)

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    Abstract

    Contrary to freezing preservation and formalin embalming, Thiel embalmed cadaver presents soft texture and color very close to that of living organism, and many applications based on Thiel embalmed cadavers have been reported. However, Thiel embalmed cadavers cannot be used as reliable evaluation model for radiofrequency ablation (RFA) due to dramatic changes of electrical conductivity in the embalmed tissue. To address this issue, we investigated various modifications of the original Thiel embalming solution. By altering the chemicals' species and concentration we figured out a formula that can greatly reduce the embalming fluid's electrical conductivity without significantly compromising the 18-day embalmed kidney samples' suppleness and color. We also investigated a two-stage embalming technique by first submerging the kidney sample into original Thiel's tank fluid for 28 days, then the sample was withdrawn from the tank fluid and placed into modified dilution fluids for additional two weeks. Stiffening and discoloration occurred in these diluted samples implying the reversibility of Thiel-embalmed tissues' suppleness and color with the removal of the strong electrolytes. This study presents a modified embalming method which could be used for RFA evaluation and also helps our understanding of the mechanism of embalmment process.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)280-288
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Biomedical Research
    Volume33
    Issue number4
    Early online date3 Mar 2017
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

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    Keywords

    • Cadaver embalmment
    • Electrical conductivity
    • Radiofrequency ablation
    • Thiel's embalming fluid

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