Ducommun S, Wang HY, Sakamoto K, MacKintosh C, Chen S. Thr(649)Ala-AS160 knock-in mutation does not impair contraction/AICAR-induced glucose transport in mouse muscle. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 302: E1036-E1043, 2012. First published February 7, 2012; doi:10.1152/ajpendo.00379.2011.-AS160 and its closely related protein TBC1D1 have emerged as key mediators for both insulin-and contraction-stimulated muscle glucose uptake through regulating GLUT4 trafficking. Insulin increases AS160 phosphorylation at multiple Akt/PKB consensus sites, including Thr(649), and promotes its binding to 14-3-3 proteins through phospho-Thr(649). We recently provided genetic evidence that AS160-Thr(649) phosphorylation/14-3-3 binding plays a key role in mediating insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in muscle. Contraction has also been proposed to increase phosphorylation of AS160 and TBC1D1 via AMPK, which could be detected by a generic phospho-Akt substrate (PAS) antibody. Here, analysis of AS160 immunoprecipitates from muscle extracts with site-specific phospho-antibodies revealed that contraction and AICAR caused no increase but rather a slight decrease in phosphorylation of the major PAS recognition site AS160-Thr(649). In line with this, contraction failed to enhance 14-3-3 binding to AS160. Consistent with previous reports, we also observed that in situ contraction stimulated the signal intensity of PAS antibody immunoreactive protein of similar to 150-160 kDa in muscle extracts. Using a TBC1D1 deletion mutant mouse, we showed that TBC1D1 protein accounted for the majority of the PAS antibody immunoreactive signals of similar to 150-160 kDa in extracts of contracted muscles. Consistent with the proposed role of AS160-Thr(649) phosphorylation/14-3-3 binding in mediating glucose uptake, AS160-Thr(649)Ala knock-in mice displayed normal glucose uptake upon contraction and AICAR in isolated muscles. We conclude that the previously reported PAS antibody immunoreactive band similar to 150-160 kDa, which were increased upon contraction, does not represent AS160 but TBC1D1, and that AS160-Thr(649)Ala substitution impairs insulin-but neither contraction- nor AICAR-stimulated glucose uptake in mouse skeletal muscle.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology, Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|Publication status||Published - May 2012|