Time Flies: Remnants of Auschwitz in Art Spiegelman's Maus

Hailey J. Austin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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    This article examines Art Spiegleman’s Maus (1997) in the context of Marianne Hirsch’s notion of postmemory and Giorgio Agamben’s definitions of the terms wargus, colossus, and Muselmann, in order to understand how the graphic novel illuminates the ways in which relationships contribute to intergenerational trauma. The relationships between survivors and the second generation, as well as their individual relationships with the Holocaust itself, continue to traumatise all involved. Though some writers have argued against the validity of the second generation as a true witness to the Holocaust or as sufferers of intergenerational trauma, Maus renders such arguments powerless and reveals them to be unhelpful. Instead, Maus demonstrates that relationships and a lack of real, tangible connection to the events of the Holocaust can create a trauma that extends through the past and perpetuates itself in those who come after.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)25-38
    Number of pages13
    JournalColloquy: text, theory, critique
    Issue number33
    Publication statusPublished - 23 May 2017


    • Art Spiegelman
    • Maus
    • Holocaust
    • intergenerational trauma
    • Marianne Hirsch
    • postmemory
    • Giorgio Agamben
    • homo sacer
    • Muselmann

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Arts and Humanities
    • Literature and Literary Theory
    • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
    • Philosophy
    • Visual Arts and Performing Arts


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