TiO2–BaTiO3 nanocomposite for electron capture in dye-sensitized solar cells

Hatameh Asgari Moghaddam, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi (Lead / Corresponding author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    30 Citations (Scopus)


    Different compositions of TiO2–BaTiO3 nanocomposites are synthesized with various weight ratios for dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) applications. TiO2 and BaTiO3 nanoparticles (NPs) are synthesized by sol-gel and solvothermal methods, respectively and are employed as the photoanode electrodes. BaTiO3 NPs have pure cubic perovskite crystal structure with an average size of 20-40 nm, while TiO2 NPs show pure anatase phase with 15-30 nm size. The power conversion efficiency (PCE) enhancement of the cells is first attained by controlling the thickness of the films for light harvesting improvement. The fabricated DSSC composed of pure BaTiO3 NPs with an optimal thickness of 25 μm shows efficiency of 6.83%, whereas that made of pure TiO2 NPs with 14 μm thickness has cell efficiency of 7.24%. Further improvement of cell efficiency is achieved by preparation of binary oxide nanocomposites using TiO2 and BaTiO3 NPs with various weight ratios. The highest PCE of 9.40% is obtained for the nanocomposite with TiO2:BaTiO3=85:15 (wt%). The enhancement is assigned to less recombination of photo-generated electrons and higher incident photon to current conversion yield as a result of rapid charge collection and higher dye sensitization.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2144-2153
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
    Issue number5
    Early online date4 Mar 2017
    Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017


    • barium titanate
    • dye-sensitized solar cell
    • electron capture
    • nanocomposite photoanode
    • titanium dioxide

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ceramics and Composites
    • Materials Chemistry


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