TLR ligand-induced podosome disassembly in dendritic cells is ADAM17 dependent

Michele A. West, Alan R. Prescott, Kui Ming Chan, Zhongjun Zhou, Stefan Rose-John, Juergen Scheller, Colin Watts (Lead / Corresponding author)

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    Abstract

    Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling induces a rapid reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton in cultured mouse dendritic cells (DC), leading to enhanced antigen endocytosis and a concomitant loss of filamentous actin-rich podosomes. We show that as podosomes are lost, TLR signaling induces prominent focal contacts and a transient reduction in DC migratory capacity in vitro. We further show that podosomes in mouse DC are foci of pronounced gelatinase activity, dependent on the enzyme membrane type I matrix metalloprotease (MT1-MMP), and that DC transiently lose the ability to degrade the extracellular matrix after TLR signaling. Surprisingly, MMP inhibitors block TLR signaling-induced podosome disassembly, although stimulated endocytosis is unaffected, which demonstrates that the two phenomena are not obligatorily coupled. Podosome disassembly caused by TLR signaling occurs normally in DC lacking MT1-MMP, and instead requires the tumor necrosis factor alpha-converting enzyme ADAM17 (a disintegrin and metalloprotease 17), which demonstrates a novel role for this "sheddase" in regulating an actin-based structure.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)993-1005
    Number of pages13
    JournalJournal of Cell Biology
    Volume182
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 8 Sep 2008

    Keywords

    • MHC CLASS-II
    • EXTRACELLULAR-MATRIX DEGRADATION
    • ANTIGEN PRESENTATION
    • CROSS-PRESENTATION
    • PLASMA-MEMBRANE
    • TNF-ALPHA
    • IN-VITRO
    • MATURATION
    • MIGRATION
    • METALLOPROTEINASE

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