Tobacco exposure and sleep disturbance in 498 208 UK Biobank participants

D. Boakye, C. A. Wyse, C. A. Morales-Celis, S. M. Biello, M. E.S. Bailey, S. Dare, J. Ward, J. M.R. Gill, J. P. Pell, D. F. Mackay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
29 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background 

The prevalence of sleep disturbance is high and increasing. The study investigated whether active, former and passive smoking were associated with sleep disturbance. 

Methods 

This cross-sectional study used data from the UK Biobank: a cohort study of 502 655 participants, of whom 498 208 provided selfreported data on smoking and sleep characteristics. Multivariable multinomial and logistic regression models were used to examine the associations between smoking and sleep disturbance. 

Results 

Long-sleep duration (>9 h) was more common among current smokers [odds ratio (OR): 1.47; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.17-1.85; probability value (P) = 0.001] than never smokers, especially heavy (>20/day) smokers (OR: 2.85; 95% CI: 1.66-4.89; P < 0.001). Former heavy (>20/day) smokers were also more likely to report short (<6 h) sleep duration (OR: 1.41; 95% CI: 1.25-1.60; P < 0.001), long-sleep duration (OR: 1.99; 95% CI: 1.47-2.71; P < 0.001) and sleeplessness (OR: 1.47; 95% CI: 1.38-1.57; P < 0.001) than never smokers. Among never smokers, those who lived with more than one smoker had higher odds of long-sleep duration than those not cohabitating with a smoker (OR: 2.71; 95% CI: 1.26-5.82; P = 0.011). 

Conclusions 

Active and passive exposure to high levels of tobacco smoke are associated with sleep disturbance. Existing global tobacco control interventions need to be enforced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)517-526
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Public Health (United Kingdom)
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • Passive smoking
  • Sleep disorders
  • Smoking cessation
  • Tobacco

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Tobacco exposure and sleep disturbance in 498 208 UK Biobank participants'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this