Toward a common understanding of ocean multi-use

Maximilian Schupp, Martina Bocci , Daniel Depellegrin , Andronikos Kafas , Zacharoula Kyriazi , Ivana Lukic, Angela Schultz-Zehden, Gesche Krause , Vincent Onyango, Bela H. Buck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)
76 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The "open ocean" has become a highly contested space as coastal populations and maritime uses soared in abundance and intensity over the last decades. Changing marine utilization patterns represent a considerable challenge to society and governments. Maritime spatial planning has emerged as one tool to manage conflicts between users and achieve societal goals for the use of marine space; however, single-sector management approaches are too often still the norm. The last decades have seen the rise of a new ocean use concept: the joint "multi-use" of ocean space. This paper aims to explain and refine the concept of ocean multi-use of space by reviewing the development and state of the art of multi-use in Europe and presenting a clear definition and a comprehensive typology for existing multi-use combinations. It builds on the connectivity of uses and users in spatial, temporal, provisional, and functional dimensions as the underlying key characteristic of multi-use dimensions. Combinations of these dimensions yield four distinct types of multi-use with little overlap between them. The diversity of types demonstrates that there is no one-size-fits-all management approach, but rather that adaptive management plans are needed, focusing on achieving the highest societal benefit while minimizing conflicts. This work will help to sharpen, refine and advance the public and academic discourse over marine spatial planning by offering a common framework to planners, researchers and users alike, when discussing multi-use and its management implications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number165
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalFrontiers in Marine Science
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Apr 2019

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oceans
spatial planning
ocean
planning
Planning
adaptive management
open ocean
typology
connectivity
researchers
conflict

Keywords

  • Co-existence
  • Marine spatial planning
  • Multi-use of space
  • Ocean governance
  • Synergistic use

Cite this

Schupp, M., Bocci , M., Depellegrin , D., Kafas , A., Kyriazi , Z., Lukic, I., ... Buck , B. H. (2019). Toward a common understanding of ocean multi-use. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, 1-12. [165]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00165
Schupp, Maximilian ; Bocci , Martina ; Depellegrin , Daniel ; Kafas , Andronikos ; Kyriazi , Zacharoula ; Lukic, Ivana ; Schultz-Zehden, Angela ; Krause , Gesche ; Onyango, Vincent ; Buck , Bela H. . / Toward a common understanding of ocean multi-use. In: Frontiers in Marine Science. 2019 ; Vol. 6. pp. 1-12.
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Schupp, M, Bocci , M, Depellegrin , D, Kafas , A, Kyriazi , Z, Lukic, I, Schultz-Zehden, A, Krause , G, Onyango, V & Buck , BH 2019, 'Toward a common understanding of ocean multi-use', Frontiers in Marine Science, vol. 6, 165, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00165

Toward a common understanding of ocean multi-use. / Schupp, Maximilian; Bocci , Martina ; Depellegrin , Daniel ; Kafas , Andronikos ; Kyriazi , Zacharoula ; Lukic, Ivana ; Schultz-Zehden, Angela ; Krause , Gesche ; Onyango, Vincent; Buck , Bela H. .

In: Frontiers in Marine Science, Vol. 6, 165, 02.04.2019, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Bocci , Martina

AU - Depellegrin , Daniel

AU - Kafas , Andronikos

AU - Kyriazi , Zacharoula

AU - Lukic, Ivana

AU - Schultz-Zehden, Angela

AU - Krause , Gesche

AU - Onyango, Vincent

AU - Buck , Bela H.

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Schupp M, Bocci M, Depellegrin D, Kafas A, Kyriazi Z, Lukic I et al. Toward a common understanding of ocean multi-use. Frontiers in Marine Science. 2019 Apr 2;6:1-12. 165. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00165