Toward microelimination of hepatitis C and HIV coinfection in NHS Tayside, Scotland: Real‐world outcomes

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Abstract

Background and aims: NHS Tayside is a health board in Scotland which serves around 400 000 residents. Approximately, 2761 are estimated to be persons who inject drugs (PWID), and therefore at risk of infections such as hepatitis C (HCV) and HIV. There are few studies exploring mechanisms and success of eliminating HCV in HIV co-infected PWID using real-world data. This study aims to empirically assess HCV treatment outcomes in people living with HIV (PLHIV) to evaluate progress toward microelimination of HCV in the HIV-positive population in Tayside.

Methods: HCV testing and treatment details for PLHIV stored on clinical databases dating from 2001 were extracted and anonymized. HCV treatment uptake among co-infected patients eligible for HCV treatment was calculated. Reinfection incidence was calculated in person years. Confidence intervals were calculated assuming Poisson distribution. Caldicott Guardian approval was obtained to access patient data (ref: IGTCAL 5677).

Results: Ninety-six percent of PLHIV were tested for HCV across nine services and aware of their HCV status. From 2001 to 2019, 58 PLHIV were HCV co-infected. Four left the area and five died prior to HCV treatment. Forty-nine were eligible for HCV treatment. Thirty were treated with PEGylated interferon (Peg-IFN); 18 with direct acting antivirals (DAA). One is yet to be treated. Twelve treated with Peg-IFN did not achieve sustained viral response (SVR12); 10 were retreated, two died prior to re-treatment. Injecting drug use was the mode of HCV transmission for 39 of 49 patients. Proportion who achieved SVR12 is 75%; 92% if treated with DAAs. Annual proportions of PLHIV treated for HCV increased from 3.57% in the Peg-IFN era to 66.67% in the DAA era. Reinfection incidence is 0.2 per 100 person years (CI −0.3 to 0.7).

Conclusions: NHS Tayside has made progress toward microelimination of HCV among PLHIV. The most common mode of HCV transmission in PLHIV in NHS Tayside is injecting drug use. DAAs increased the proportion of co-infected PLHIV treated for HCV and produced superior SVR12 results compared to Peg-IFN.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere191
Number of pages8
JournalHealth Science Reports
Volume3
Issue number4
Early online date5 Oct 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • coinfection
  • drug users
  • elimination
  • hepatitis C
  • HIV
  • Injecting
  • microelimination
  • people who inject drugs
  • PWID
  • Scotland; direct Acting Antivirals

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