Towards ecosystem-based restoration of peatland biodiversity

T. Yu Minayeva, Olivia Bragg, A. A. Sirin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Natural peatlands support rich biological diversity at the genetic, species, ecosystem and landscape levels. However, because the character of this diversity differs from that of other ecosystem types, the value of peatlands for biodiversity has often been overlooked. Fundamentally, this arises because peatland ecosystems direct part of the energy captured by primary production into long-term storage within a peat layer, and thus establish a structural and functional basis for biodiversity maintenance that is not found elsewhere. This article examines the far-reaching implications for the assessment of peatland biodiversity as well as for the drivers, methods and targets of peatland conservation and restoration initiatives. It becomes clear that a robust framework for the management and restoration of peatland biodiversity must be founded in structural-functional ecosystem analysis, and such a framework is developed. The authors draw on a broad base of historical and contemporary literature and experience, including important Russian contributions that have previously had little international exposure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-36
Number of pages36
JournalMires and Peat
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jan 2017

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peatlands
peatland
biodiversity
ecosystems
ecosystem
peat
restoration
primary production
primary productivity
energy

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Minayeva, T. Yu ; Bragg, Olivia ; Sirin, A. A. / Towards ecosystem-based restoration of peatland biodiversity. In: Mires and Peat. 2017 ; Vol. 19, No. 1. pp. 1-36.
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Towards ecosystem-based restoration of peatland biodiversity. / Minayeva, T. Yu; Bragg, Olivia; Sirin, A. A.

In: Mires and Peat, Vol. 19, No. 1, 18.01.2017, p. 1-36.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Minayeva, T. Yu

AU - Bragg, Olivia

AU - Sirin, A. A.

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AB - Natural peatlands support rich biological diversity at the genetic, species, ecosystem and landscape levels. However, because the character of this diversity differs from that of other ecosystem types, the value of peatlands for biodiversity has often been overlooked. Fundamentally, this arises because peatland ecosystems direct part of the energy captured by primary production into long-term storage within a peat layer, and thus establish a structural and functional basis for biodiversity maintenance that is not found elsewhere. This article examines the far-reaching implications for the assessment of peatland biodiversity as well as for the drivers, methods and targets of peatland conservation and restoration initiatives. It becomes clear that a robust framework for the management and restoration of peatland biodiversity must be founded in structural-functional ecosystem analysis, and such a framework is developed. The authors draw on a broad base of historical and contemporary literature and experience, including important Russian contributions that have previously had little international exposure.

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