Towards ecosystem-based restoration of peatland biodiversity

T. Yu Minayeva, Olivia Bragg, A. A. Sirin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    91 Citations (Scopus)
    768 Downloads (Pure)


    Natural peatlands support rich biological diversity at the genetic, species, ecosystem and landscape levels. However, because the character of this diversity differs from that of other ecosystem types, the value of peatlands for biodiversity has often been overlooked. Fundamentally, this arises because peatland ecosystems direct part of the energy captured by primary production into long-term storage within a peat layer, and thus establish a structural and functional basis for biodiversity maintenance that is not found elsewhere. This article examines the far-reaching implications for the assessment of peatland biodiversity as well as for the drivers, methods and targets of peatland conservation and restoration initiatives. It becomes clear that a robust framework for the management and restoration of peatland biodiversity must be founded in structural-functional ecosystem analysis, and such a framework is developed. The authors draw on a broad base of historical and contemporary literature and experience, including important Russian contributions that have previously had little international exposure.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-36
    Number of pages36
    JournalMires and Peat
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 18 Jan 2017


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