Tramadol, captagon and khat use in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: opening Pandora's box

Hossein Mohaddes Ardabili, Abolfazl Akbari, Parnian Rafei, Jenna Butner, Riaz Khan, Yasser Khazaal, Abdulmalik Zuhair Arab, Mohammed Rafiq Qazizada, Basma Al-Ansari, Alexander Mario Baldacchino (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
19 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

As defined by the World Health Organization, the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR), given its special geopolitical situation and internal/external conflicts, faces an increase in illegal activities such as drug production and trafficking, highlighting the need for a comprehensive understanding of the substance use situation. On the basis of a review of published papers between 2015 and 2021 we briefly review substance use in the EMR with special focus on the emerging drugs pertinent to this region, namely tramadol, captagon and khat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-62
Number of pages5
JournalBJPsych International
Volume19
Issue number3
Early online date19 Nov 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • captagon
  • Eastern Mediterranean region
  • Epidemiology
  • khat
  • tramadol

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