Treatment of superficial cutaneous vascular lesions: experience with the KTP 532 nm laser

C. Clark, H. Cameron, H. Moseley, J. Ferguson, S. H. Ibbotson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    66 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Whilst most facial telangiectasias respond well to short-pulse-duration pulsed dye laser therapy, studies have shown that for the treatment of larger vessels these short-duration pulses are sub-optimal. Long-pulse frequency-doubled neodymium:YAG lasers have been introduced with pulse durations ranging from 1-50 ms and treatment beam diameters of up to 4 mm. We report the results of KTP/532 nm laser treatment for superficial vascular skin lesions. The aim was to determine the efficacy of the KTP/532 nm laser in the treatment of superficial cutaneous vascular lesions at a regional dermatology centre in a 2 year retrospective analysis. Patients were referred from general dermatology clinics to a purpose-built laser facility. A test dose was performed at the initial consultation and thereafter patients were reviewed and treated at 6 week intervals. Outcome was graded into five classifications by the patient and operator independently based on photographic records: clear, marked improvement, partial response, poor response, and no change or worsening. Over the 2 year period, 204 patients with 246 diagnoses were treated [156 female; median age 41 (range 1-74) years; Fitzpatrick skin types I-III]. Equal numbers of spider angioma (102) and facial telangiectasia (102) were treated. Of those patients who completed treatment and follow up, 57/58 (98%) of spider angiomas and 44/49 (90%) of facial telangiectasia markedly improved or cleared. Satisfactory treatment outcomes, with one clearance and two partial responses, occurred in three of five patients with port-wine stain. Few patients experienced adverse effects: two declined further treatment due to pain, and a small area of minimal superficial scarring developed in one case. Two patients developed mild persistent post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, and one subject experienced an episode of acute facial erythema, swelling and blistering after one treatment. The KTP/532 nm frequency-doubled neodymium:YAG laser is a safe and effective treatment for common superficial cutaneous vascular lesions in patients with Fitzpatrick skin types I-III.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-5
    Number of pages5
    JournalLasers in Medical Science
    Volume19
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2004

    Keywords

    • Facial Dermatoses
    • Humans
    • Laser Therapy, Low-Level
    • Aged
    • Child
    • Child, Preschool
    • Infant
    • Telangiectasis
    • Adult
    • Treatment Outcome
    • Facial Neoplasms
    • Hemangioma
    • Middle Aged
    • Adolescent
    • Female
    • Male

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