Trial Forge Guidance 1: what is a Study Within A Trial (SWAT)?

Shaun Treweek (Lead / Corresponding author), Simon Bevan, Peter Bower, Marion Campbell, Jacquie Christie, Mike Clarke, Clive Collett, Seonaidh Cotton, Declan Devane, Adel El Feky, Ella Flemyng, Sandra Galvin, Heidi Gardner, Katie Gillies, Jan Jansen, Roberta Littleford, Adwoa Parker, Craig Ramsay, Lynne Restrup, Frank SullivanDavid Torgerson, Liz Tremain, Matthew Westmore, Paula R. Williamson

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Abstract

Randomised trials are a central component of all evidence-informed health care systems and the evidence coming from them helps to support health care users, health professionals and others to make more informed decisions about treatment. The evidence available to trialists to support decisions on design, conduct and reporting of randomised trials is, however, sparse. Trial Forge is an initiative that aims to increase the evidence base for trial decision-making and in doing so, to improve trial efficiency.One way to fill gaps in evidence is to run Studies Within A Trial, or SWATs. This guidance document provides a brief definition of SWATs, an explanation of why they are important and some practical 'top tips' that come from existing experience of doing SWATs. We hope the guidance will be useful to trialists, methodologists, funders, approvals agencies and others in making clear what a SWAT is, as well as what is involved in doing one.

Original languageEnglish
Article number139
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalTrials
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Feb 2018

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  • Letter

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Treweek, S., Bevan, S., Bower, P., Campbell, M., Christie, J., Clarke, M., ... Williamson, P. R. (2018). Trial Forge Guidance 1: what is a Study Within A Trial (SWAT)? Trials, 19(1), 1-5. [139]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-018-2535-5
Treweek, Shaun ; Bevan, Simon ; Bower, Peter ; Campbell, Marion ; Christie, Jacquie ; Clarke, Mike ; Collett, Clive ; Cotton, Seonaidh ; Devane, Declan ; El Feky, Adel ; Flemyng, Ella ; Galvin, Sandra ; Gardner, Heidi ; Gillies, Katie ; Jansen, Jan ; Littleford, Roberta ; Parker, Adwoa ; Ramsay, Craig ; Restrup, Lynne ; Sullivan, Frank ; Torgerson, David ; Tremain, Liz ; Westmore, Matthew ; Williamson, Paula R. / Trial Forge Guidance 1 : what is a Study Within A Trial (SWAT)?. In: Trials. 2018 ; Vol. 19, No. 1. pp. 1-5.
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abstract = "Randomised trials are a central component of all evidence-informed health care systems and the evidence coming from them helps to support health care users, health professionals and others to make more informed decisions about treatment. The evidence available to trialists to support decisions on design, conduct and reporting of randomised trials is, however, sparse. Trial Forge is an initiative that aims to increase the evidence base for trial decision-making and in doing so, to improve trial efficiency.One way to fill gaps in evidence is to run Studies Within A Trial, or SWATs. This guidance document provides a brief definition of SWATs, an explanation of why they are important and some practical 'top tips' that come from existing experience of doing SWATs. We hope the guidance will be useful to trialists, methodologists, funders, approvals agencies and others in making clear what a SWAT is, as well as what is involved in doing one.",
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Treweek, S, Bevan, S, Bower, P, Campbell, M, Christie, J, Clarke, M, Collett, C, Cotton, S, Devane, D, El Feky, A, Flemyng, E, Galvin, S, Gardner, H, Gillies, K, Jansen, J, Littleford, R, Parker, A, Ramsay, C, Restrup, L, Sullivan, F, Torgerson, D, Tremain, L, Westmore, M & Williamson, PR 2018, 'Trial Forge Guidance 1: what is a Study Within A Trial (SWAT)?', Trials, vol. 19, no. 1, 139, pp. 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-018-2535-5

Trial Forge Guidance 1 : what is a Study Within A Trial (SWAT)? / Treweek, Shaun (Lead / Corresponding author); Bevan, Simon; Bower, Peter; Campbell, Marion; Christie, Jacquie; Clarke, Mike; Collett, Clive; Cotton, Seonaidh; Devane, Declan; El Feky, Adel; Flemyng, Ella; Galvin, Sandra; Gardner, Heidi; Gillies, Katie; Jansen, Jan; Littleford, Roberta; Parker, Adwoa; Ramsay, Craig; Restrup, Lynne; Sullivan, Frank; Torgerson, David; Tremain, Liz; Westmore, Matthew; Williamson, Paula R.

In: Trials, Vol. 19, No. 1, 139, 23.02.2018, p. 1-5.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

TY - JOUR

T1 - Trial Forge Guidance 1

T2 - what is a Study Within A Trial (SWAT)?

AU - Treweek, Shaun

AU - Bevan, Simon

AU - Bower, Peter

AU - Campbell, Marion

AU - Christie, Jacquie

AU - Clarke, Mike

AU - Collett, Clive

AU - Cotton, Seonaidh

AU - Devane, Declan

AU - El Feky, Adel

AU - Flemyng, Ella

AU - Galvin, Sandra

AU - Gardner, Heidi

AU - Gillies, Katie

AU - Jansen, Jan

AU - Littleford, Roberta

AU - Parker, Adwoa

AU - Ramsay, Craig

AU - Restrup, Lynne

AU - Sullivan, Frank

AU - Torgerson, David

AU - Tremain, Liz

AU - Westmore, Matthew

AU - Williamson, Paula R.

N1 - The work described here was funded in part by the UK Network of MRC Hubs for Trials Methodology Research and the Irish Trials Methodology Research Network.

PY - 2018/2/23

Y1 - 2018/2/23

N2 - Randomised trials are a central component of all evidence-informed health care systems and the evidence coming from them helps to support health care users, health professionals and others to make more informed decisions about treatment. The evidence available to trialists to support decisions on design, conduct and reporting of randomised trials is, however, sparse. Trial Forge is an initiative that aims to increase the evidence base for trial decision-making and in doing so, to improve trial efficiency.One way to fill gaps in evidence is to run Studies Within A Trial, or SWATs. This guidance document provides a brief definition of SWATs, an explanation of why they are important and some practical 'top tips' that come from existing experience of doing SWATs. We hope the guidance will be useful to trialists, methodologists, funders, approvals agencies and others in making clear what a SWAT is, as well as what is involved in doing one.

AB - Randomised trials are a central component of all evidence-informed health care systems and the evidence coming from them helps to support health care users, health professionals and others to make more informed decisions about treatment. The evidence available to trialists to support decisions on design, conduct and reporting of randomised trials is, however, sparse. Trial Forge is an initiative that aims to increase the evidence base for trial decision-making and in doing so, to improve trial efficiency.One way to fill gaps in evidence is to run Studies Within A Trial, or SWATs. This guidance document provides a brief definition of SWATs, an explanation of why they are important and some practical 'top tips' that come from existing experience of doing SWATs. We hope the guidance will be useful to trialists, methodologists, funders, approvals agencies and others in making clear what a SWAT is, as well as what is involved in doing one.

KW - Letter

U2 - 10.1186/s13063-018-2535-5

DO - 10.1186/s13063-018-2535-5

M3 - Letter

C2 - 29475444

VL - 19

SP - 1

EP - 5

JO - Trials

JF - Trials

SN - 1745-6215

IS - 1

M1 - 139

ER -

Treweek S, Bevan S, Bower P, Campbell M, Christie J, Clarke M et al. Trial Forge Guidance 1: what is a Study Within A Trial (SWAT)? Trials. 2018 Feb 23;19(1):1-5. 139. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-018-2535-5