Triggered star-formation in the bright rimmed globule IC1396A

Nimesh A. Patel, Aurora Sicilia-Aguilar, Paul Goldsmith

Research output: Contribution to conferenceOther

Abstract

IC1396 is a well known HII region and molecular cloud complex surrounding the Trumpler 37 cluster of OB stars in the Cepheus OB2 association. The dense, elephant trunk shaped globules in this region typically show bright rims facing the central exciting O6 star HD~206267. This region, at a distance of 870 pc, is an excellent astrophysical laboratory for studying the feedback effects of massive stars on neighboring molecular clouds. Triggered star formation occurs when dense cores (which would otherwise remain stable) are compressed and made unstable by the sustained energy input from the OB association. Observationally it remains challenging to prove whether the onset of star-formation in such globules is triggered or spontaneous.Using the Submillimeter Array (SMA), we observed IC1396 globule A (Pottasch 1958 nomenclature), targeting four newly discovered protostars from recent Herschel PACS observations. Here we present 230 GHz molecular line (CO, 13CO, C18O, N2D+ and H2CO) and continuum results for the source IC1396A-PACS-1 (Sicilia-Aguilar et al. 2014). This is a Class 0 source very close to the edge of the ionization front and Herschel observations show this to be a most promisingcase of triggered star-formation. The SMA 230 GHz continuum source has a flux density of 280 mJy. We estimate a dust mass of about 0.1 Msun in this source which appears very compact in our 5" beam. CO, 13CO and C18O emission is largely resolved out by the interferometer and will require combined imaging with single-dish observations. (We have a parallel ongoing study being carried out with the IRAM 30m telescope). SMA N2D+ emission peaks on the continuum sourceand is partially resolved. H2CO emission appears to avoid the peak of continuum and N2D+, suggesting depletion. Both the morphology and kinematics in H2CO emission are indicative of internal disturbance, away from the PDR region into the globule.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015
EventAmerican Astronomical Society 225th Meeting - Washington State Convention and Trade Center, Seattle, United States
Duration: 4 Jan 20158 Jan 2015
Conference number: 225
https://aas.org/meetings/aas225

Conference

ConferenceAmerican Astronomical Society 225th Meeting
Abbreviated titleAAS 225th Meeting
CountryUnited States
CitySeattle
Period4/01/158/01/15
Internet address

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globules
star formation
continuums
molecular clouds
stars
protostars
parabolic reflectors
rims
massive stars
astrophysics
depletion
disturbances
kinematics
interferometers
flux density
dust
telescopes
ionization
estimates
energy

Cite this

Patel, N. A., Sicilia-Aguilar, A., & Goldsmith, P. (2015). Triggered star-formation in the bright rimmed globule IC1396A. American Astronomical Society 225th Meeting, Seattle, United States.
Patel, Nimesh A. ; Sicilia-Aguilar, Aurora ; Goldsmith, Paul. / Triggered star-formation in the bright rimmed globule IC1396A. American Astronomical Society 225th Meeting, Seattle, United States.
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year = "2015",
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note = "American Astronomical Society 225th Meeting, AAS 225th Meeting ; Conference date: 04-01-2015 Through 08-01-2015",
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Patel, NA, Sicilia-Aguilar, A & Goldsmith, P 2015, 'Triggered star-formation in the bright rimmed globule IC1396A' American Astronomical Society 225th Meeting, Seattle, United States, 4/01/15 - 8/01/15, .

Triggered star-formation in the bright rimmed globule IC1396A. / Patel, Nimesh A.; Sicilia-Aguilar, Aurora; Goldsmith, Paul.

2015. American Astronomical Society 225th Meeting, Seattle, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceOther

TY - CONF

T1 - Triggered star-formation in the bright rimmed globule IC1396A

AU - Patel, Nimesh A.

AU - Sicilia-Aguilar, Aurora

AU - Goldsmith, Paul

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - IC1396 is a well known HII region and molecular cloud complex surrounding the Trumpler 37 cluster of OB stars in the Cepheus OB2 association. The dense, elephant trunk shaped globules in this region typically show bright rims facing the central exciting O6 star HD~206267. This region, at a distance of 870 pc, is an excellent astrophysical laboratory for studying the feedback effects of massive stars on neighboring molecular clouds. Triggered star formation occurs when dense cores (which would otherwise remain stable) are compressed and made unstable by the sustained energy input from the OB association. Observationally it remains challenging to prove whether the onset of star-formation in such globules is triggered or spontaneous.Using the Submillimeter Array (SMA), we observed IC1396 globule A (Pottasch 1958 nomenclature), targeting four newly discovered protostars from recent Herschel PACS observations. Here we present 230 GHz molecular line (CO, 13CO, C18O, N2D+ and H2CO) and continuum results for the source IC1396A-PACS-1 (Sicilia-Aguilar et al. 2014). This is a Class 0 source very close to the edge of the ionization front and Herschel observations show this to be a most promisingcase of triggered star-formation. The SMA 230 GHz continuum source has a flux density of 280 mJy. We estimate a dust mass of about 0.1 Msun in this source which appears very compact in our 5" beam. CO, 13CO and C18O emission is largely resolved out by the interferometer and will require combined imaging with single-dish observations. (We have a parallel ongoing study being carried out with the IRAM 30m telescope). SMA N2D+ emission peaks on the continuum sourceand is partially resolved. H2CO emission appears to avoid the peak of continuum and N2D+, suggesting depletion. Both the morphology and kinematics in H2CO emission are indicative of internal disturbance, away from the PDR region into the globule.

AB - IC1396 is a well known HII region and molecular cloud complex surrounding the Trumpler 37 cluster of OB stars in the Cepheus OB2 association. The dense, elephant trunk shaped globules in this region typically show bright rims facing the central exciting O6 star HD~206267. This region, at a distance of 870 pc, is an excellent astrophysical laboratory for studying the feedback effects of massive stars on neighboring molecular clouds. Triggered star formation occurs when dense cores (which would otherwise remain stable) are compressed and made unstable by the sustained energy input from the OB association. Observationally it remains challenging to prove whether the onset of star-formation in such globules is triggered or spontaneous.Using the Submillimeter Array (SMA), we observed IC1396 globule A (Pottasch 1958 nomenclature), targeting four newly discovered protostars from recent Herschel PACS observations. Here we present 230 GHz molecular line (CO, 13CO, C18O, N2D+ and H2CO) and continuum results for the source IC1396A-PACS-1 (Sicilia-Aguilar et al. 2014). This is a Class 0 source very close to the edge of the ionization front and Herschel observations show this to be a most promisingcase of triggered star-formation. The SMA 230 GHz continuum source has a flux density of 280 mJy. We estimate a dust mass of about 0.1 Msun in this source which appears very compact in our 5" beam. CO, 13CO and C18O emission is largely resolved out by the interferometer and will require combined imaging with single-dish observations. (We have a parallel ongoing study being carried out with the IRAM 30m telescope). SMA N2D+ emission peaks on the continuum sourceand is partially resolved. H2CO emission appears to avoid the peak of continuum and N2D+, suggesting depletion. Both the morphology and kinematics in H2CO emission are indicative of internal disturbance, away from the PDR region into the globule.

M3 - Other

ER -

Patel NA, Sicilia-Aguilar A, Goldsmith P. Triggered star-formation in the bright rimmed globule IC1396A. 2015. American Astronomical Society 225th Meeting, Seattle, United States.