SH2 domain containing leukocyte protein (SLP) adaptor proteins serve a central role in the antigen-mediated activation of lymphocytes by organizing multiprotein signaling complexes. Here, we use two dimensional native-/SDS-gel electrophoresis to study the number, size and relative abundance of protein complexes containing SLP family proteins. In non-stimulated T cells all SLP-76 proteins are in a ∼400 kDa complex with the small adaptor protein Grb2-like adaptor protein downstream of Shc (Gads), whereas half of Gads is monomeric. This constitutive SLP-76/Gads complex could be reconstituted in Drosophila S2 cells expressing both components, suggesting that it might not contain additional subunits. In contrast, in B cells SLP-65 exists in a 180 kDa complex as well as in monomeric form. Since the complex was not found in S2 cells expressing only SLP-65, it was not di/trimeric SLP-65. Upon antigen-stimulation only the complexed SLP-65 was phosphorylated. Surprisingly, stimulation-induced alteration of SLP complexes could not be detected, suggesting that active signaling complexes form only transiently, and are of low abundance.
- Drosophila S2 cells