Ubiquitin transfer by a RING E3 ligase occurs from a closed E2~ubiquitin conformation

Emma Branigan, J. Carlos Penedo (Lead / Corresponding author), Ronald Hay (Lead / Corresponding author)

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    21 Citations (Scopus)
    50 Downloads (Pure)


    Based on extensive structural analysis it was proposed that RING E3 ligases prime the E2~ubiquitin conjugate (E2~Ub) for catalysis by locking it into a closed conformation where ubiquitin is folded back onto the E2 exposing the restrained thioester bond to attack by substrate nucleophile. However the proposal that the RING dependent closed conformation of E2~Ub represents the active form that mediates ubiquitin transfer has yet to be experimentally tested. To test this hypothesis we use single molecule Förster Resonance Energy Transfer (smFRET) to measure the conformation of a FRET labelled E2~Ub conjugate, which distinguishes between closed andalternative conformations. We describe a real-time FRET assay with a thioester linked E2~Ub conjugate to monitor single ubiquitination events and demonstrate that ubiquitin is transferred to substrate from the closed conformation. These findings are likely to be relevant to all RING E3 catalysed reactions ligating ubiquitin and other ubiquitin-like proteins (Ubls) to substrates.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number2846
    Number of pages11
    JournalNature Communications
    Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2020


    • Enzyme mechanisms
    • Single-molecule biophysics
    • Ubiquitylation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physics and Astronomy(all)
    • Chemistry(all)
    • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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