UK national trainee survey of hepatology training, research and the future workforce

Wenhao Li (Lead / Corresponding author), Nadir Abbas, Paul N. Brennan, Hannah Mcdowell, Janardhan Navaratnam, Anju Phoolchund, Robert Scott, Jessica Shearer, Helen White, Oliver D. Tavabie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: The increasing prevalence of liver disease in the UK means there is a pressing need to expand the hepatology workforce. This survey aims to evaluate current hepatology training provision, and trainee attitudes towards future careers in hepatology.

Method: An electronic survey was distributed to higher specialty gastroenterology and hepatology trainees in the UK between March and May 2022.

Results: 138 trainees completed the survey covering all training grades and regions of the UK. 73.7% reported receiving adequate hepatology training currently, with 55.6% intending to become future hepatologists. Trainee preference for future hepatology consultant posts in specialist liver centres were almost threefold higher compared with district general hospitals (60.9% vs 22.6%). All trainees, irrespective of training grade reported high confidence in managing decompensated cirrhosis in both inpatient and outpatient settings. Senior trainees (grade ST6 and higher), without advanced training programme (ATP) experience reported significantly lower confidence in managing viral hepatitis, hepatocellular carcinoma and post-transplant patients compared with equivalent trainees with ATP experience. For junior trainees (IMT3–ST5), remaining in their current deanery was the most important factor when considering future hepatology training application.

Conclusions: There is a significant need to deliver widely available training on the management of complex liver disease to improve non-ATP trainee confidence. Innovative job planning strategies are required to encourage trainees to pursue careers outside of specialist liver centres. Expansion of hepatology training networks with wider geographical coverage are needed to address the growing need for more hepatologists around the UK.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalFrontline Gastroenterology
Early online date6 Jan 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Jan 2023


Dive into the research topics of 'UK national trainee survey of hepatology training, research and the future workforce'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this