Use of eye-gaze technology feedback by assistive technology professionals: findings from a thematic analysis

Tom Griffiths (Lead / Corresponding author), Simon Judge, David Souto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Purpose: Eye-gaze technology offers professionals a range of feedback tools, but it is not well understood how these are used to support decision-making or how professionals understand their purpose and function. This paper explores how professionals use a variety of feedback tools and provides commentary on their current use and ideas for future tool development.
Methods and Materials: The study adopted a focus group methodology with two groups of professional participants: those involved in the assessment and provision of eye-gaze technology (n = 6) and those who interact with individuals using eye-gaze technology on an ongoing basis (n = 5). Template analysis was used to provide qualitative insight into the research questions.
Results: Professionals highlighted several issues with existing tools and gave suggestions on how these could be made better. It is generally felt that existing tools highlight the existence of problems but offer little in the way of solutions or suggestions. Some differences of opinion related to professional perspective were highlighted. Questions about automating certain processes were raised by both groups.
Conclusions: Discussion highlighted the need for different levels of feedback for users and professionals. Professionals agreed that current tools are useful to identify problems but do not offer insight into potential solutions. Some tools are being used to draw inferences about vision and cognition which are not supported by existing literature. New tools may be needed to better meet the needs of professionals and an increased understanding of how existing tools function may support such development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology
Early online date9 Apr 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Apr 2024


  • eye-gaze technology
  • decision-making
  • computer access
  • qualitative research
  • feedback tools
  • eye-gaze heatmaps
  • Physical disability
  • Eye-gaze technology
  • physical disability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Speech and Hearing
  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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