Use of hot-filmanemometry for wall shear stress measurements in unsteady flows

Chanchala Ariyaratne, Feng Wang, Shuisheng He, Alan E. Vardy

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingOther chapter contribution

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Hot-wire and hot-film anemometry are widely used in steady flows for instantaneous velocity measurements, and their use has been extended to velocity and wall shear stress measurements in unsteady flows. The technique of hot-film anemometry relies on the Reynolds analogy which relates the diffusion of heat to the momentum exchange. The paper investigates the applicability of the analogy in linearly varying flows. The investigation is a combination of CFD analyses using the Transition SST model and experimental measurements. Results show that, in a linearly accelerating flow, while wall shear stress increases immediately upon the onset of acceleration, heat transfer indicates a relative lag in response. A quantitative analysis of the effects of flow parameters shows that the deviant behaviour is especially pronounced with increasing acceleration and/or reduced initial flow Reynolds number. The initial deviation can be predicted using a non-dimensional parameter based on turbulence timescales and acceleration rate, thereby providing a possible solution to correcting wall shear stress measurements using hot-film anemometry in fast accelerating flows.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC14
    PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
    Pages31-39
    Number of pages9
    ISBN (Print)978-079184939-2
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    Event14th International Heat Transfer Conference - Washington, United States
    Duration: 7 Aug 201013 Aug 2010
    http://www.asmeconferences.org/ihtc14/

    Conference

    Conference14th International Heat Transfer Conference
    Abbreviated titleIHTC-14
    CountryUnited States
    CityWashington
    Period7/08/1013/08/10
    Internet address

    Fingerprint

    stress measurement
    unsteady flow
    shear stress
    steady flow
    Reynolds number
    quantitative analysis
    heat transfer
    momentum
    sea surface temperature
    turbulence
    timescale

    Cite this

    Ariyaratne, C., Wang, F., He, S., & Vardy, A. E. (2010). Use of hot-filmanemometry for wall shear stress measurements in unsteady flows. In 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC14 (pp. 31-39). American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
    Ariyaratne, Chanchala ; Wang, Feng ; He, Shuisheng ; Vardy, Alan E. / Use of hot-filmanemometry for wall shear stress measurements in unsteady flows. 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC14. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2010. pp. 31-39
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    abstract = "Hot-wire and hot-film anemometry are widely used in steady flows for instantaneous velocity measurements, and their use has been extended to velocity and wall shear stress measurements in unsteady flows. The technique of hot-film anemometry relies on the Reynolds analogy which relates the diffusion of heat to the momentum exchange. The paper investigates the applicability of the analogy in linearly varying flows. The investigation is a combination of CFD analyses using the Transition SST model and experimental measurements. Results show that, in a linearly accelerating flow, while wall shear stress increases immediately upon the onset of acceleration, heat transfer indicates a relative lag in response. A quantitative analysis of the effects of flow parameters shows that the deviant behaviour is especially pronounced with increasing acceleration and/or reduced initial flow Reynolds number. The initial deviation can be predicted using a non-dimensional parameter based on turbulence timescales and acceleration rate, thereby providing a possible solution to correcting wall shear stress measurements using hot-film anemometry in fast accelerating flows.",
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    Ariyaratne, C, Wang, F, He, S & Vardy, AE 2010, Use of hot-filmanemometry for wall shear stress measurements in unsteady flows. in 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC14. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, pp. 31-39, 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, Washington, United States, 7/08/10.

    Use of hot-filmanemometry for wall shear stress measurements in unsteady flows. / Ariyaratne, Chanchala; Wang, Feng; He, Shuisheng; Vardy, Alan E.

    14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC14. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2010. p. 31-39.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingOther chapter contribution

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    T1 - Use of hot-filmanemometry for wall shear stress measurements in unsteady flows

    AU - Ariyaratne, Chanchala

    AU - Wang, Feng

    AU - He, Shuisheng

    AU - Vardy, Alan E.

    PY - 2010

    Y1 - 2010

    N2 - Hot-wire and hot-film anemometry are widely used in steady flows for instantaneous velocity measurements, and their use has been extended to velocity and wall shear stress measurements in unsteady flows. The technique of hot-film anemometry relies on the Reynolds analogy which relates the diffusion of heat to the momentum exchange. The paper investigates the applicability of the analogy in linearly varying flows. The investigation is a combination of CFD analyses using the Transition SST model and experimental measurements. Results show that, in a linearly accelerating flow, while wall shear stress increases immediately upon the onset of acceleration, heat transfer indicates a relative lag in response. A quantitative analysis of the effects of flow parameters shows that the deviant behaviour is especially pronounced with increasing acceleration and/or reduced initial flow Reynolds number. The initial deviation can be predicted using a non-dimensional parameter based on turbulence timescales and acceleration rate, thereby providing a possible solution to correcting wall shear stress measurements using hot-film anemometry in fast accelerating flows.

    AB - Hot-wire and hot-film anemometry are widely used in steady flows for instantaneous velocity measurements, and their use has been extended to velocity and wall shear stress measurements in unsteady flows. The technique of hot-film anemometry relies on the Reynolds analogy which relates the diffusion of heat to the momentum exchange. The paper investigates the applicability of the analogy in linearly varying flows. The investigation is a combination of CFD analyses using the Transition SST model and experimental measurements. Results show that, in a linearly accelerating flow, while wall shear stress increases immediately upon the onset of acceleration, heat transfer indicates a relative lag in response. A quantitative analysis of the effects of flow parameters shows that the deviant behaviour is especially pronounced with increasing acceleration and/or reduced initial flow Reynolds number. The initial deviation can be predicted using a non-dimensional parameter based on turbulence timescales and acceleration rate, thereby providing a possible solution to correcting wall shear stress measurements using hot-film anemometry in fast accelerating flows.

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    BT - 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC14

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    Ariyaratne C, Wang F, He S, Vardy AE. Use of hot-filmanemometry for wall shear stress measurements in unsteady flows. In 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC14. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 2010. p. 31-39