Vibrational spectroscopy and DFT calculations of di-amino acid cyclic peptides. Part I: cyclo(Gly-Gly), cyclo(L-Ala-L-Ala) and cyclo(L-Ala-Gly) in the solid state and in aqueous solution

Andrew P. Mendham, Trevor J. Dines, Martin J. Snowden, Babur Z. Chowdhry, Robert Withnall

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    Abstract

    Investigations of the vibrational spectra of cyclo(Gly-Gly), cyclo(L-Ala-L-Ala) and cyclo(t-Ala-Gly) are reported. Raman scattering and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra of solid-state and aqueous protonated samples, as well as their corresponding N-deuterated isotopomers, have been examined. In addition, density functional theory (DFT) (B3-LYP/cc-pVDZ) calculations of molecular structures and their associated vibrational modes were carried out. In each case, the calculated structures of lowest energy for the isolated gas-phase molecules have boat conformations. Assignments have been made for the observed Raman and FTIR vibrational bands of the cyclic di-amino acid peptides (CDAPs) examined. Raman polarization studies of aqueous phase samples are consistent with C-2 and C-1 symmetries for the six-membered rings of cyclo(L-Ala-L-Ala) and cydo(L-Ala-Gly), respectively. There is a good correlation between experimental and calculated vibrational bands for the three CDAPs. These data are in keeping with boat conformations for cydo(L-Ala-L-Ala) and cyclo(L-Ala-Gly) molecules, predicted by the ab initio calculations, in both the solid and aqueous solution states. However, Raman spectroscopic results might infer that cyclo(L-AlaGly) deviates only slightly from planarity in the solid state. The potential energy distributions of the amide I and II modes of a cis-peptide linkage are shown to be significantly different from those of the trans-peptides. For example, deuterium shifts have shown that the cis-amide I vibrations found in cyclo(Gly-Gly), cyclo(L-Ala-L-Ala), and cyclo(L-Ala-Gly) have larger N-H contributions compared to their trans-amide counterparts. Compared to trans-amide II vibrations, cis-amide II vibrations show a considerable decrease in N-H character. Copyright (C) 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1478-1497
    Number of pages20
    JournalJournal of Raman Spectroscopy
    Volume40
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2009

    Keywords

    • Raman spectroscopy
    • FTIR spectroscopy
    • deuterated isotopomers
    • spectral assignments
    • cis-/trans-conformation
    • ab initio calculations
    • DIPEPTIDES
    • DIKETOPIPERAZINE
    • CRYSTAL
    • 2,5-PIPERAZINEDIONE
    • POLYPEPTIDES
    • PROTEINS
    • SPECTRUM
    • HYDROGEN
    • DENSITY
    • RAMAN

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