Visual cells in the temporal cortex sensitive to face view and gaze direction

D. I. Perrett, P. A. J. Smith, D. D. Potter, A. J. Mistlin, A. S. Head, A. D. Milner, M. A. Jeeves

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    666 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The direction of eye gaze and orientation of the face towards or away from another are important social signals for man and for macaque monkey. We have studied the effects of these signals in a region of the macaque temporal cortex where cells have been found to be responsive to the sight of faces. Of cells selectively responsive to the sight of the face or head but not to other objects (182 cells) 63% were sensitive to the orientation of the head. Different views of the head (full face, profile, back or top of the head, face rotated by 45 degrees up to the ceiling or down to the floor) maximally activated different classes of cell. All classes of cell, however, remained active as the preferred view was rotated isomorphically or was changed in size or distance. Isomorphic rotation by 90-180 degrees increased cell response latencies by 10-60 ms. Sensitivity to gaze direction was found for 64% of the cells tested that were tuned to head orientation. Eighteen cells most responsive to the full face preferred eye contact, while 18 cells tuned to the profile face preferred averted gaze. Sensitivity to gaze was thus compatible with, but could be independent of, sensitivity to head orientation. Results suggest that the recognition of one type of object may proceed via the independent high level analysis of several restricted views of the object (viewer-centred descriptions).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)293-317
    Number of pages25
    JournalProceedings of the Royal Society B
    Volume223
    Issue number1232
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1985

    Fingerprint

    Temporal Lobe
    cortex
    Ceilings
    Head
    cells
    Macaca
    eyes
    Direction compound
    Reaction Time
    Haplorhini
    monkeys

    Cite this

    Perrett, D. I., Smith, P. A. J., Potter, D. D., Mistlin, A. J., Head, A. S., Milner, A. D., & Jeeves, M. A. (1985). Visual cells in the temporal cortex sensitive to face view and gaze direction. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 223(1232), 293-317. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1985.0003
    Perrett, D. I. ; Smith, P. A. J. ; Potter, D. D. ; Mistlin, A. J. ; Head, A. S. ; Milner, A. D. ; Jeeves, M. A. / Visual cells in the temporal cortex sensitive to face view and gaze direction. In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 1985 ; Vol. 223, No. 1232. pp. 293-317.
    @article{363145afefec4545941dcc8dc4097482,
    title = "Visual cells in the temporal cortex sensitive to face view and gaze direction",
    abstract = "The direction of eye gaze and orientation of the face towards or away from another are important social signals for man and for macaque monkey. We have studied the effects of these signals in a region of the macaque temporal cortex where cells have been found to be responsive to the sight of faces. Of cells selectively responsive to the sight of the face or head but not to other objects (182 cells) 63{\%} were sensitive to the orientation of the head. Different views of the head (full face, profile, back or top of the head, face rotated by 45 degrees up to the ceiling or down to the floor) maximally activated different classes of cell. All classes of cell, however, remained active as the preferred view was rotated isomorphically or was changed in size or distance. Isomorphic rotation by 90-180 degrees increased cell response latencies by 10-60 ms. Sensitivity to gaze direction was found for 64{\%} of the cells tested that were tuned to head orientation. Eighteen cells most responsive to the full face preferred eye contact, while 18 cells tuned to the profile face preferred averted gaze. Sensitivity to gaze was thus compatible with, but could be independent of, sensitivity to head orientation. Results suggest that the recognition of one type of object may proceed via the independent high level analysis of several restricted views of the object (viewer-centred descriptions).",
    author = "Perrett, {D. I.} and Smith, {P. A. J.} and Potter, {D. D.} and Mistlin, {A. J.} and Head, {A. S.} and Milner, {A. D.} and Jeeves, {M. A.}",
    year = "1985",
    doi = "10.1098/rspb.1985.0003",
    language = "English",
    volume = "223",
    pages = "293--317",
    journal = "Proceedings of the Royal Society B",
    issn = "0962-8452",
    publisher = "The Royal Society",
    number = "1232",

    }

    Perrett, DI, Smith, PAJ, Potter, DD, Mistlin, AJ, Head, AS, Milner, AD & Jeeves, MA 1985, 'Visual cells in the temporal cortex sensitive to face view and gaze direction', Proceedings of the Royal Society B, vol. 223, no. 1232, pp. 293-317. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1985.0003

    Visual cells in the temporal cortex sensitive to face view and gaze direction. / Perrett, D. I.; Smith, P. A. J.; Potter, D. D.; Mistlin, A. J.; Head, A. S.; Milner, A. D.; Jeeves, M. A.

    In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Vol. 223, No. 1232, 1985, p. 293-317.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Visual cells in the temporal cortex sensitive to face view and gaze direction

    AU - Perrett, D. I.

    AU - Smith, P. A. J.

    AU - Potter, D. D.

    AU - Mistlin, A. J.

    AU - Head, A. S.

    AU - Milner, A. D.

    AU - Jeeves, M. A.

    PY - 1985

    Y1 - 1985

    N2 - The direction of eye gaze and orientation of the face towards or away from another are important social signals for man and for macaque monkey. We have studied the effects of these signals in a region of the macaque temporal cortex where cells have been found to be responsive to the sight of faces. Of cells selectively responsive to the sight of the face or head but not to other objects (182 cells) 63% were sensitive to the orientation of the head. Different views of the head (full face, profile, back or top of the head, face rotated by 45 degrees up to the ceiling or down to the floor) maximally activated different classes of cell. All classes of cell, however, remained active as the preferred view was rotated isomorphically or was changed in size or distance. Isomorphic rotation by 90-180 degrees increased cell response latencies by 10-60 ms. Sensitivity to gaze direction was found for 64% of the cells tested that were tuned to head orientation. Eighteen cells most responsive to the full face preferred eye contact, while 18 cells tuned to the profile face preferred averted gaze. Sensitivity to gaze was thus compatible with, but could be independent of, sensitivity to head orientation. Results suggest that the recognition of one type of object may proceed via the independent high level analysis of several restricted views of the object (viewer-centred descriptions).

    AB - The direction of eye gaze and orientation of the face towards or away from another are important social signals for man and for macaque monkey. We have studied the effects of these signals in a region of the macaque temporal cortex where cells have been found to be responsive to the sight of faces. Of cells selectively responsive to the sight of the face or head but not to other objects (182 cells) 63% were sensitive to the orientation of the head. Different views of the head (full face, profile, back or top of the head, face rotated by 45 degrees up to the ceiling or down to the floor) maximally activated different classes of cell. All classes of cell, however, remained active as the preferred view was rotated isomorphically or was changed in size or distance. Isomorphic rotation by 90-180 degrees increased cell response latencies by 10-60 ms. Sensitivity to gaze direction was found for 64% of the cells tested that were tuned to head orientation. Eighteen cells most responsive to the full face preferred eye contact, while 18 cells tuned to the profile face preferred averted gaze. Sensitivity to gaze was thus compatible with, but could be independent of, sensitivity to head orientation. Results suggest that the recognition of one type of object may proceed via the independent high level analysis of several restricted views of the object (viewer-centred descriptions).

    U2 - 10.1098/rspb.1985.0003

    DO - 10.1098/rspb.1985.0003

    M3 - Article

    VL - 223

    SP - 293

    EP - 317

    JO - Proceedings of the Royal Society B

    JF - Proceedings of the Royal Society B

    SN - 0962-8452

    IS - 1232

    ER -