No standard definition exists for the concept "persistent pain self-management" or how it should be defined in relation to older adults. Poorly defined concepts can result in misunderstandings in the clinical setting and can hinder research through difficulties identifying or measuring the concept.
Stewart, C., Schofield, P., Elliott, A. M., Torrance, N., & Leveille, S. (2013). What Do We Mean by "Older Adults' Persistent Pain Self-management"? A Concept Analysis. Pain Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1111/pme.12251