What is the ‘Just Transition’?

Raphael J. Heffron (Lead / Corresponding author), Darren McCauley

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

124 Citations (Scopus)


The ‘just transition’ is a concept receiving more attention in the literature to-date. This critical review discusses this and how there are overlaps with literature on energy, environmental and climate justice. Within the separate energy, environment and climate change scholar communities, there is too much distortion of what the ‘transition’ means and what ‘justice’ means, and they all should be understood within the just transition concept. To increase public understanding and public acceptance of a just transition, these research communities need to unite rather than continue alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-77
Number of pages4
Early online date1 Dec 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018


  • Climate justice
  • Energy justice
  • Environmental justice
  • Just transition
  • Legal geography


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