Which drugs benefit diabetic patients for secondary prevention of myocardial infarction?

T. M. MacDonald, R. Butler, R. W. Newton, A. D. Morris

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diabetic patients have increased mortality following myocardial infarction. We review the evidence for benefit in diabetic patients, of the major drug groups used as secondary prevention. Beta blockers: meta-analyses suggest a reduction in mortality of 35% with beta blockers. Diabetic patients should receive beta blockers post myocardial infarction. In many patients, the benefits of beta blockers will outweigh relative contraindications. Aspirin: meta-analyses of antiplatelet therapy in high-risk subjects have shown substantial benefits. Aspirin should be prescribed for secondary prevention. Lipid lowering with statins: subgroup analyses of the major secondary prevention trials show substantial benefits across a wide range of baseline cholesterol and LDL levels. These drugs should be prescribed as secondary prevention to patients with diabetes whose total cholesterol is > 4.0 mmol-1. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs): the few subgroup analyses that exist from ACEI trials suggest that diabetic and non- diabetic patients derive similar benefits. Diabetic subjects who have systolic dysfunction after myocardial infarction should receive ACEIs. Treatment combination: data exist to suggest that most of these drugs produce benefit independently. Conclusion: diabetic patients benefit from secondary prevention with drug treatment as much as, or more than, non-diabetic patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-289
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetic Medicine
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 1998

Keywords

  • ACE inhibitors
  • Aspirin
  • Beta- blockers
  • Diabetes
  • MEMO
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Secondary prevention
  • Statins

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