Ran is a multifunctional small GTPase of the Ras superfamily that plays roles in nucleocytoplasmic transport, mitotic spindle assembly and nuclear envelope formation. By screening a Xenopus oocyte cDNA library for Ran-GTP-binding proteins using the two-hybrid system of co-expression in yeast, we identified XMog1, a 20.4 kDa polypeptide related to Mog1p in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and similar gene products in Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Arabidopsis and mammals. We show that cDNAs encoding XMog1 and S. cerevisiae Mog1p rescue the growth defect of S. pombe cells lacking mog1, demonstrating conservation of their functions. In Xenopus somatic cells and transfected mammalian cells, XMog1 is localised to the nucleus. XMog1 alone does not stimulate Ran GTPase activity or nucleotide exchange, but causes nucleotide release from Ran-GTP and forms a complex with nucleotide-free Ran. However, in combination with Ran-binding protein 1 (RanBP1), XMog1 promotes the release of GDP and the selective binding of GTP to Ran. XMog1 and RanBP1 also promote selective GTP loading onto Ran catalysed by the nuclear guanine nucleotide exchange factor, RCC1. We propose that Mog1-related proteins, together with RanBP1, facilitate the generation of Ran-GTP from Ran-GDP in the nucleus.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Cell Science|
|Early online date||5 Aug 2001|
|Publication status||Published - 17 Sep 2001|
- Nucleocytoplasmic transport
- Xenopus egg extracts