Yeast as a chassis for developing functional assays to study human P53

Paola Monti, Bartolomeo Bosco, Sara Gomes, Lucilia Saraiva, Gilberto Fronza, Alberto Inga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The finding that the well-known mammalian P53 protein can act as a transcription factor (TF) in the yeast S. cerevisiae has allowed for the development of different functional assays to study the impacts of 1) binding site [i.e., response element (RE)] sequence variants on P53 transactivation specificity or 2) TP53 mutations, co-expressed cofactors, or small molecules on P53 transactivation activity. Different basic and translational research applications have been developed. Experimentally, these approaches exploit two major advantages of the yeast model. On one hand, the ease of genome editing enables quick construction of qualitative or quantitative reporter systems by exploiting isogenic strains that differ only at the level of a specific P53-RE to investigate sequence-specificity of P53-dependent transactivation. On the other hand, the availability of regulated systems for ectopic P53 expression allows the evaluation of transactivation in a wide range of protein expression. Reviewed in this report are extensively used systems that are based on color reporter genes, luciferase, and the growth of yeast to illustrate their main methodological steps and to critically assess their predictive power. Moreover, the extreme versatility of these approaches can be easily exploited to study different TFs including P63 and P73, which are other members of TP53 gene family.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere59071
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Volume2019
Issue number150
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

Keywords

  • Cancer Research
  • Functional assay
  • Growth inhibition
  • Issue 150
  • P53
  • Response element
  • Transcription
  • Yeast

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